FOOD HISTORY TIMELINE
1885 to 1889
1885 John Bloomfield Jarvis died. A civil engineer, he designed and built the Boston Aqueduct and the 41 mile long Croton Aqueduct (New York City's water supply for over 50 years from 1842).
1885 Constantin Fahlberg received U.S. patent No. 326,281 for the artificial sweetener Saccharine.
1885 The 2,980 mile Canadian Pacific Railway was completed. It runs from Montreal, Quebec to Port Moody, British Columbia.
1885 The 'Adventures of Huckleberry Finn' by Mark Twain was published.
1885 Lafcadio Hearn's 'La Cuisine Creole' was published.
1885 Good Housekeeping Magazine begins publication. Founded by Clark W. Bryan, the magazine was purchased by Hearst publishing in 1911.
1885 The Exchange Buffet opened, the first self service restaurant.
1885 Jumbo, an African elephant exhibited in France, the London Zoo, and finally in the Barnum & Bailey Circus, died after being hit by a locomotive in Ontario, Canada. Jumbo was supposedly 12 feet tall at the time of his death.
1885 George Richard Minot was born. An American physician, he was one of the developers of a raw-liver diet used to treat pernicious anemia.
1885 La Marcus Thompson of Coney Island, New York was issued a second patent for a gravity switchback railway. This was an improvement on his previous patent issued January 20 the same year. The "Father of the Gravity Ride" had opened a 600 foot roller coaster the previous year. Stomachs would never be the same again.
1885 Philadelphia brand cream cheese went on sale.
1885 Dr Pepper was invented in Waco, Texas. The Dublin Dr Pepper, 85 miles west of Waco, Texas, still uses pure imperial cane sugar in its product. There is no period after the Dr in Dr Pepper.
1885 Mass production of toothbrushes in the U.S. begins.
1885 First fungicide invented from lime and copper sulphate, known as the Bordeaux mixture.
1885 The first shipment of Florida grapefruit arrives in New York and Philadelphia.
1885 Dr. John M. Riggs died. First surgeon to operate on a patient under anaesthesia when he extracted a tooth using nitrous oxide (laughing gas).
1886 Petroleum discovered in Middle East, on Egyptian shore of the Red Sea.
1886 Karl von Frisch was born (died June 12, 1982). He shared the 1973 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine with Konrad Lorenz and Nikolaas Tinbergen. Working with honey bees he showed that they can recognize different odors and tastes and using their 'waggle dance' could communicate the location of food to other bees in the hive.
1886 Sir Edward Salisbury was born (died Nov 10, 1978). English botanist and ecologist. Director of Royal Botanical Gardens (1943-1956). His books include 'The Living Garden' (1935), 'The Biology of Garden Weeds' (1962).
1886 Rex Stout, American crime writer was born. More than 70 of his novels and stories feature the fictional gourmand/gourmet detective, Nero Wolfe. Archie Goodwin, the detective's assistant, described him as weighing "one seventh of a ton" (about 286 pounds). Shad Roe and Duck were two of Wolfe's favorites, and he also consumed copious amounts of beer. Stout also published 'The Nero Wolfe Cookbook' in 1973.
1886 Automatic bottle filler and capper patented.
1886 The first use of the Del Monte name on a food product: a premium coffee packaged for the Hotel Del Monte Hotel in Monterey, California.
1886 Wilhelm Koppers was born. This cultural anthropologist developed theories on the origins of society based on studies of hunter-gatherer tribes.
1886 California oranges are first shipped East by rail.
1886 W. Marshall patented a 'grain binder.'
1886 John Deere died. Inventor and manufacturer, he developed the first steel plow in the 1830s, and founded John Deere & Company in 1868.
1886 Coca-Cola was invented by pharmacist John Styth Pemberton at Jacob's Pharmacy in Atlanta, Georgia.
1886 U.S. President Grover Cleveland married Frances Folsom, with the ceremony taking place in the White House. Cleveland is the only President to be married in the White House. (President John Tyler also married while in office, but not in the White House).
1886 Horlick's of Wisconsin offered the first malted milk for sale to the public. Horlick's developed the process to dehydrate milk, and patented it in 1883, calling it Malted Milk. The company originally produced a food for babies and invalid's, that could be shipped without spoiling.
1886 It rained snails in Cornwall, England on July 8. July is one of the best months for raining all sorts of living creatures.
1886 The Tuxedo was created. Griswold Lorillard of Tuxedo Park, N.Y. fashioned the first tuxedo for men.
1886 The Statue of Liberty (Liberty Enlightening the World) was officially unveiled and dedicated in New York Harbor.
1886 Clarence Birdseye was born in Brooklyn, New York. In 1924, Clarence Birdseye, with the financial backing of Wetmore Hodges, William Gamage, Basset Jones, I.L. Rice and J.J. Barry, organized the General Seafood Corporation. The birth of the frozen food industry.
1886 Josephine Garis Cochran patented the first commercially successful dish washing machine. It became a huge hit at the 1893 Columbian Exposition. Her company eventually evolved into KitchenAid.
1887 Livestock market opens in South St. Paul and sells 363 cattle on its first day.
1887 Interstate Commerce Act created the Interstate Commerce Commission to regulate Railroads, the first industry to be subject to Federal regulation.
1887 The U.S. Congress passes the Fisheries Retaliation Act, banning Canadian vessels from US waters; stopped imports of Canadian fish.
1887 Everett Horton of Bristol Connecticut received U.S. patent No. 359,153 for a telescoping fishing rod.
1887 James Buchanan Eads died (born May 23, 1820). Invented a diving bell and special boat for salvaging goods from sunken riverboats. Created a jetty system on the Mississippi for New Orleans which sped up the river's flow to cut its channel deeper, enabling year round navigation.
1887 The first Groundhog day is observed in Punxsutawney, Pennsylvania.
1887 Hatch Experiment Station Act set up Federal-State cooperation in agricultural research.
1887 A riot breaks out at the saloonkeepers picnic in St. Paul, Minnesota.
1887 Harry E. Soref was born. Inventor of the laminated steel padlock, founder of the Master Lock Company in 1921. The company became well known in 1928 when it shipped 147,600 padlocks to federal prohibition agents in New York for locking up speakeasies they raided.
1887 William Cumming Rose was born. An American biochemist, he researched amino acids, and established the importance of the 8 essential amino acids in human nutrition.
1887 The patent was registered for Coca-Cola syrup and extract.
1887 John Dickenson introduced paper napkins at his company's annual dinner.
1887 Rowell Hodge patented barbed wire. The beginning of the end of open range in the Old West.
1887 Spencer Fullerton Baird died. An American naturalist and zoologist, he was the second Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution.
1887 The first accurate adding machine patented by Don Eugene Felt. (The Comptometer).
1887 Conrad Nicholson Hilton was born. Founder of one of the largest hotel chains. It all began when he and his father turned their large New Mexico house into an inn for traveling salesmen.
1887 Asa Candler (1851-1929) a wholesale drugist, purchased the formula for Coca-Cola from John S. Pemberton an Atlanta pharmacist for $ 2,300. He sold the company in 1919 for $25 million.
1887 The Soo Line railroad was founded by Minneapolis flour mill owners to cut shipping costs.
1888 The first patent for wax coated paper drinking straws (made by a spiral winding process) was issued to Marvin C. Stone of Washington, D.C.
1888 Asa Gray died. A leading American botanist of his time and a supporter of Darwin, he co-authored 'Flora of North America' with John Torrey.
1888 John Styth Pemberton died. Pemberton was the pharmacist who invented Coca-Cola in 1885.
1888 Scottish inventor John Boyd Dunlop was issued a patent for pneumatic bicycle tires.
1888 The first chewing gum to be sold in vending machines was made by Thomas Adams. He sold his gum in vending machines on elevated train station platforms in New York.
1888 The Manischewitz brand was founded in a small bakery built to make Passover matzo in by Rabbi Dov Behr Manischewitz in Cincinnati, Ohio.
1888 Refrigerated boxcars made first long-haul shipments of produce and meat.
1888 The first U.S. patent for a time clock was issued to Willard Bundy of Auburn, New York (Patent # 393,205).
1888 In the Northeastern U.S. the 'Great Blizzard of 1888' began 3 days of snow, wind and freezing weather. Up to 4 feet of snow fell with drifts exceeding 20 feet, shutting down all communication and transportation.
1889 Charles M. Hall received U.S. patent #400,655 for the process to extract aluminium from its ore.
1889 Walter Knott was born (died Dec 3, 1981). Co-founder, with his wife Cordellia, of Knott's Berry Farm in California. Their farm evolved from growing and selling berries from a roadside stand into the oldest and one of the largest theme amusement parks in the U.S.
1889 Hanson Goodrich is granted a patent for the first modern stove top coffee percolator.
1889 The famous cabaret, Moulin Rouge, opened in Paris, France
1889 Virginia O'Hanlon Douglas was born on July 20 (died May 13, 1971). When Virginia O'Hanlon was 8 years old, she wrote the famous letter to the editor of the NY Sun asking if Santa Claus really exists. (See article: Yes, Virginia, there is a Santa Claus).
1889 Louis Glass installed the first jukebox, actually called 'nickle-in-the-slot-phonograph,' at the Palais Royal Saloon in San Francisco, California.
1889 More than 4.25 million pounds of Shad were caught in New Yorks Hudson River.
1889 U.S. agricultural exports were about $574 million a year during the 1880s (76% of total exports).
1889 Don Raffaele Esposito developed the Margherita Pizza, with tomatoes, mozzarella cheese and basil. Red, white and green - the colors of the Italian Flag. The modern tomato and cheese pizza was born.
1889 According to the Oxford English Dictionary, the word 'hamburger' first appeared in print in a Walla Walla, Washington newspaper.
1889 A patent was issued to Daniel Johnson of Kansas City, Kansas, for a Rotary Dining Table for use on ships. The table and attached chairs rotated so that everyone could be served from a one location, making it unnecessary to carry food around the table to serve everyone.
1889 The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) was established as a Cabinet level agency.
1889 H.L. Hunt, the pioneering Texas oil millionaire (Hunt Oil Company) was born. He carried a brown bag lunch to his office each day and considered himself as 'just plain folks.'
1889 Melville Reuben Bissell died. Bissell invented the carpet sweeper in 1876.
1889 The U.S. opened Oklahoma to homesteaders and the Oklahoma land rush officially began at 12 noon.
1889 John Cadbury died. He was the founder of Cadbury chocolate company.
1889 It rained ants at Strasbourg, Germany on August 1.
1889 The Savoy Hotel opened in London, with Cesar Ritz and Escoffier
1889 Dan Rylands patented a screw cap for bottles. He was employed at the Hope Glass Works, Barnsley, Yorkshire, England.
1889 Nellie Bly (Elizabeth Jane Cochran), began her successful attempt to beat the record of Jules Verne's fictional Phileas Fogg to go 'Around the World in Eighty Days'. Bly was a U.S. newspaper reporter and completed the journey in 72 days, 6 hours, 11 minutes and 14 seconds.
1889 George S. Kaufman was born. A playwright, he wrote 'The Man Who Came to Dinner,' and the script for 'Cocoanuts' for the Marx Brothers.
1889 Aunt Jemima Pancake flour mix was introduced. Invented at St. Joseph, Missouri it was the first self-rising flour for pancakes and the first ready-mix food ever to be introduced commercially.
1889 Wyoming voters approved the first constitution in the world granting full voting rights to women. (see also: 1869).
1889 The Oahu Railway began operating on Oahu, Hawaii's 3rd largest island. The railroad made it possible to move agricultural products from inland to port, stimulating the local economy and providing a valuable transportation route for decades.