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FOOD HISTORY TIMELINE

 TIMELINE: 50,000 B.C. to 1 B.C    1 AD to 1199    1200 to 1399    1400 to '99    1500 to '50    1551 to '99    1600 to '25    1626 to '50    1651 to '75    1676 to '99    1700 to '19    1720 to '39    1740 to '49    1750 to '59    1760 to '69    1770 to '79    1780 to '84    1785 to '89    1790 to '94    1795 to '99    1800 to '05    1806 to '10    1811 to '19    1820 to '24    1825 to '30    1831 to '35    1836 to '40    1841 to '45    1846 to '49    1850 to '54    1855 to '59    1860 to '64    1865 to '69    1870 to '74    1875 to '79    1880 to '84    1885 to '89    1890 to '94    1895 to '99    1900 to '05    1906 to '10    1911 to '15    1916 to '20    1921 to '25    1926 to '30    1931 to '35    1936 to '40    1941 to '45    1946 to '50    1951 to '55    1956 to '60    1961 to '65    1966 to '70    1971 to '75    1976 to '80    1981 to '85    1986 to '90    1991 to 1995    1996 to 2000    2001 to 2005    2006 to 2014


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JULY - AUG - SEPT - OCT - NOV - DEC

 

 

 

 

Chef with red wine glass

FOOD HISTORY TIMELINE
1750 to 1759     -     Next

1750 Benjamin Franklin shocked himself while trying to electrocute a holiday turkey.

1751 Anders Dahl was born. A renowned Swedish botanist, the Dahlia flower was named for him.

1752 The first hospital in America opened in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

1752 William Cheselden died. An English surgeon and teacher, he was one of the first to describe the role of saliva in digestion.

1752 Benjamin Franklin flew a kite.

1752 On September 2 1752, ‘tomorrow’ was September 14. The Gregorian Calendar went into effect in Great Britain and its colonies, to correct an accumulated 11 day discrepancy. Most of the rest of the world had switched from the Julian Calendar to the Gregorian Calendar in 1582.

1753 Benjamin Thompson, Count von Rumford was born. American physician who invented the percolator, a pressure cooker and a kitchen stove. He is frequently credited with creating baked Alaska.

1753 Franz Karl Achard was born.  A German chemist, he developed the first commercial process to produce sugar from sugar beets in 1796, and in 1802 established the first sugar beet refinery.

1753
Jean Jacques Regis de Cambaceres was born. A French politician and gourmet. A gastronomic contemporary and rival of Talleyrand and Careme. The dinners he gave were famous, and Cambaceres closely supervised the food preparation. He refused to admit late-comers, and was also said to have demanded complete silence while dining.

1754 Mary Ludwig Hays ('Molly Pitcher') was born (died Jan 22, 1832).  Most famous of the American Revolutionary War soldier's wives who brought water to soldiers on the battlefront - nicknamed 'Molly Pitchers'

1754 Charles Maurice de Talleyrand-Perigord was born. Known simply as Talleyrand, French statesman, diplomat and grand gourmet, called the 'first fork of France.'  He served at the top levels of French governments for almost 50 years. During this time his chefs included Bouchee, Careme, and Avice. Many culinary preparations have been created or named for him.

1754 William Bligh was born. He became captain of the English ship, 'Bounty,' and while sailing to Tahiti to bring back breadfruit trees, the most famous mutiny in history took place.

1754 Joseph-Louis Proust born. Proust was a French chemist. In 1799 he  extracted sugar from grapes, and proved it identical to sugar extracted from honey.

1754 Antoine Beauvilliers was born. He was a French chef who founded the first luxury restaurant, La Grande Taverne de Londres.

1755 Josiah Spode was born; the inventor of Fine Bone China.

1755 Jean Anthelme Brillat-Savarin was born. A French politician, gourmand and author of the 8 volume Physiologie du goût, ou Méditation de gastronomie transcendante, ouvrage théorique, historique et à l'ordre du jour, (‘The Physiology of Taste, or Meditation on Transcendent Gastronomy, a Work Theoretical, Historical, and Programmed’) published in 1825. It treats dining as an art form and contains many delightful and witty observations on the pleasures of the table.

1755 Nicolas-Jacque Conte was born. He invented the modern graphite pencil.

1755 Marie Antoinette, Queen consort of Louis XVI of France, was born. She would sometimes wear potato blossoms as a hair decoration.  Attributed quote: "If they have no bread, let them eat cake." 

1755 Oliver Evans was born (died April 15, 1819).  An American inventor, he designed the first automatic flour mill.  The grain moved automatically through a series of five machines to deliver flour packed in barrels at the end.

1756 John Loudon McAdam was born. He invented macadam pavement for roads. The Macadamia Nut was named for him.

1757 Jean-Joseph Close was born. The very first pâté de foie gras (goose liver paste) is said to have been created in Strasbourg in 1765 by a Norman chef named Jean-Joseph Close. (Although the technique for producing foie gras goes back as far as the ancient Egyptians).

1758 Alexandre Balthazar Laurent Grimod de La Reynière was born on Nov 20 (died Dec 25, 1837).  French writer and gastronome.  Notorious for his extravagant behavior, sharp wit and dark humor, he was one of the first food and restaurant critics.

1758 Benjamin Jackson advertised mustard for sale for the first time in America. The advertisement was in the Philadelphia Chronicle, and claimed Jackson was the first and only manufacturer of mustard in America.

1759 Robert Burns was born. Scottish poet, widely regarded as the national poet of Scotland.  His poem 'Auld Lang Syne,' set to the tune of a traditional folk song, is traditionally sung at midnight to celebrate the start of the New Year.

1759 Thomas Andrew Knight was born. British horticulturist and botanist who experimented with geotropism, phototropism and heliotropism. (We all know our tropisms, don't we?).

1759 John Adlum was born (died March 14, 1836). American viticulturist, he is sometimes mistakenly credited with developing the Catawba grape. He was a pioneer in cultivation of native grape varieties, and certainly was instrumental in popularizing the Catawba grape.

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