FOOD HISTORY TIMELINE
1971 to 1975
1971 The Quarter Pounder was introduced at McDonald's for 53 cents.
1971 Richard Hellmann died on Feb 2 (born 1876). New York deli owner and creator of Hellmann's Mayonnaise.
1971 Michael Romanoff died. Born Hershel Geguzin, he was an actor, conman, professional imposter and Hollywood restaurateur. He posed as Russian Prince Michael Alexandrovich Dmitri Oblensky Romanoff from about 1919. He opened Romanoff's restaurant in Beverly Hills in the late 1930s, which became popular with Hollywood movie stars. The restaurant closed in 1962.
1971 Virginia O'Hanlon Douglas died. When Virginia O'Hanlon was 8 years old, she wrote the famous letter to the editor of the NY Sun asking if Santa Claus really exists. (See article: Yes, Virginia, there is a Santa Claus)
1971 Alice Waters' Chaz Panisse restaurant opened in Berkeley, California.
1971 The home food processor, Le Magi-Mix, was introduced in Paris by Pierre Verdon, also the inventor of the restaurant version, Robot-Coupe.
1971 Alice Waters opened Chez Panisse in Berkeley, California.
1971 The first Starbucks opened in Seattle.
1971 The coldest temperature ever recorded in the U.S. was recorded at Prospect Creek Camp on the Alaskan Pipeline in northern Alaska - minus 80 degrees F.
1971 Smoke-flavored SPAM was introduced.
1971 'One Bad Apple' by the Osmonds reached Number 1 on the charts.
1971 Neil Hogan of the musical group The Cranberries was born on Christmas day.
1971 Don Maclean recorded 'American Pie'.
1971 'Brown Sugar' by the Rolling Stones hits number 1 on the charts.
1971 'Want Ads' by Honey Cone hit #1 on the charts
1971 Sir John Boyd Orr died. A Scottish scientist and nutrition expert, he won the Nobel Peace Prize for his work to eliminate world hunger.
1971 The final episode of 'The Beverly Hillbillies' TV show is aired.
1971 Palisades Amusement Park in New Jersey closed.
1971 Greenpeace founded.
1971 Coca Cola introduces the plastic bottle.
1971 Disney World opened at Orlando, Florida.
1971 French's Onion Bits were introduced.
1971 The Cranberries drummer, Feargal Lawlor, was born.
1971 Governor Nelson Rockefeller of New York legalized the year round sale of oysters. Previously their sale had been illegal from May to August.
1971 Andrew Carmellini was born. American chef and restaurateur.
1971 Tyler Florence (Kevin Tyler Florence) was born. American celebrity chef, cookbook author and cooking show host. (Food 911; Tyler's Ultimate; The Great Food Truck Race; etc)
1971 Martin Hadden was born. British chef. Executive Chef for Historic Sussex Hotels.
1971 Maureen Stapleton won the Tony Award for Best Actress in 'The Gingerbread Lady'
1972 Francis Ford Coppola's 'The Godfather' premiered. ("Leave the gun. Take the Cannolis," Clemenza).
1972 President Nixon signed the first proclamation of National Hunting and Fishing Day on the 4th Saturday in September.
1972 At 86 feet, the highest instrumentally recorded wave was logged by the British 'Weather Reporter' ship in the North Atlantic near Iceland.
1972 Howard Deering Johnson died on June 20 (born Feb 2, 1897). Founder of Howard Johnson's chain of restaurants and motels.
1972 "American Pie" by Don McLean hit #1 on the charts.
The album 'American Pie' by Don Mclean began a seven weeks run at #1 on the U.S. charts.
1972 The Greasy Truckers Party concert took place at the Roundhouse in London (Feb 13)
1972 Neil Young's album 'Harvest' is number 1 on U.S. and U.K. charts.
1972 Andy MacElhone created the Blue Lagoon cocktail. He is the son of Harry of Harry's Bar in Paris.
1972 The McDonald's Egg McMuffin breakfast sandwich was created by Herb Peterson.
1972 Hyman Golden and Leonard Marsh introduced Snapple Fruit Juices in New York.
1972 Leslie Revsin became chef at New York's Waldorf-Astoria Hotel. She was the first female chef to head a major hotel kitchen.
1972 The Culinary Institute of America moved to Hyde Park, N.Y. from New Haven, Connecticut.
1972 The first Ruby Tuesday restaurant was opened by Sandy Beall and 4 fraternity brothers near the Knoxville campus of the University of Tennessee.
1972 Federal Water Pollution Control Act passed.
1972 Clean Air Act passed.
1972 Consumer Product Safety Act passed.
1972 Clean Water Act passed.
1972 'The Candy Man' by Sammy Davis Jr. hit #1 on the charts
1972 The EPA totally banned DDT in the USA. It's residue is still found in some foods grown in the U.S. in 2002.
1972 'Coconut' by Nilsson hit number 8 on the charts.
1972 Louis Leakey died. Anthropologist largely responsible for convincing scientists that Africa was the place to search for human origins, not Java or China. Together with his wife Mary, they made many significant fossil discoveries.
1972 'Everybody Plays The Fool' by Main Ingredient hit #1 on the charts.
1972 United States signed 1952 International Plant Protection Convention.
1973 American Carl Sontheimer refined the French made Robot-Coupe and came up with the Cuisinart.
1973 Nathaniel Weyth received patent for PET (polyethylene terephthalate) beverage bottles. This was the first safe plastic strong enough to hold carbonated beverages without bursting.
1973 The Rolling Stones album 'Goat's Head Soup' was number one on the music charts.
1973 Allan 'Rocky' Lane died. Actor in numerous films and TV shows, he was also the voice of the talking horse in the TV show 'Mister Ed' (1961-1966).
1973 The first metric distance road signs in the U.S., were erected between Columbus and Cincinnati, Ohio.
1973 UK: Wrexham Asda supermarket opened.
1973 Endangered Species Act passed.
1973 Flame Seedless released; second most important seedless grape produced in the U.S.
1973 William Motter Inge died. An American playwright, he was the author of 'Picnic' which was also filmed in 1956.
1973 J.R.R. Tolkien died. Author of 'The Hobbit' and 'The Lord of the Rings' trilogy. Food and hospitality play important roles in both.
1973 Due to large Soviet purchases of wheat, corn & soybeans last year, food prices soar in the U.S. President Nixon freezes retail food prices & a temporary embargo on soybeans & cottonseeds. The rising grain and oil prices cause a world monetary crisis and the worst world economic recession since the 1930s.
1973 'Beard on Bread' by James Beard is published.
1973 'Promise' brand margarine was introduced.
1973 'Stove Top Dressing' was introduced by General Foods.
1973 'Cup o'Noodles' was introduced in the U.S. by Nissin Foods.
1973 The California Certified Organic Farmers was founded.
1973 Sales of Vodka beat out whiskey sales in the U.S. for the first time.
1973 Heinz cannot fill its orders of ketchup to McDonald's due to a tomato shortage.
1973 Coleman's Mustard celebrates its 150th anniversary.
1973 Archibald Gowanlock Huntsman died . Canadian oceanographer and fisheries biologist. Best known for research on Atlantic salmon. He also invented methods for quick freezing fish fillets.
1973 Keith Moon of the rock group The Who smashed a bottle of ketchup against the wall of their hotel room, beginning $6,000 worth of damage to the hotel room and the groups overnight arrest.
1973 In his 'Tonight Show' monologue Johnny Carson joked, "You know what's disappearing from the supermarket shelves? Toilet paper. There's an acute shortage of toilet paper in the United States." Many viewers took this at face value and there was a run on toilet paper over the next few days!
1974 Official major league baseballs may now be made from cowhide, rather than just horsehide.
1974 The stay-on tab for beverage cans was invented.
1974 Filming for 'Jaws' began at Martha's Vineyard, Massachusetts.
1974 Pop Rocks were unveiled by General Foods. Ever since 1956, when company research chemist William Mitchell found a way to put carbon dioxide into a solid, General Foods searched for a way to market the invention. The popping, crackling candy turns out to be worth the wait; in only five years the company will have sold 500 million packets of Pop Rocks.
1974 Nathan Handwerker . Founded 'Nathan's' hot dog emporium at Coney Island, New York in 1916.
1974 Jif brand Extra Crunchy Peanut Butter was introduced.
1974 The Super Tornado Outbreak. 148 tornadoes in 13 states in 26 hours. The world's largest tornado outbreak in recorded history. It included six F5 tornadoes and 30 F4 tornadoes. The first tornado hit at 1 p.m. and the final tornado hit at 2 a.m. the following morning.
1974 Adelle Davis died. Nutritionist, and author of 'Let's Eat Right to Keep Fit.' She promoted many theories that have been labeled as unfounded and dangerous by the medical community.
1974 The Clevend Indians were playing bad, and fewer and fewer fans came to watch them play. They had a ‘Ten Cent Beer Night’ to bring out the fans. Only 22,000 fans turned out in a stadium that could seat 60,000, but they made up for the low numbers by becoming so drunk and unruly, going on the field and disrupting the game, that the Indians had to forfeit the game to the Texas Rangers.
1974 The first checkout scanner was installed in a supermarket.
1974 A package of Wrigley’s chewing gum with a bar code printed on it was the 1st product logged on the new Universal Product Code system (UPC).
1974 Mama Cass Elliot (The Mamas and the Papas) died today in London. The rumor that she choked to death on a ham sandwich is not true. She actually died of a heart attack.
1974 It is first reported that freon from aerosol cans is destroying the ozone layer above the earth.
1974 Nutrition labeling of fluid milk products begins.
1974 Safe Drinking Water Act passed.
1974 The TV show 'Alice' debuted. Most of the action took place in Mel's Diner.
1974 The first McDonald's restaurant opened in London.
1974 London's famous flower and vegetable market moves from Covent Garden.
1974 The discovery of the 'charmed quark', a subatomic particle, was announced.
1974 After more than 125 years, salmon returned to the River Thames in England.
1974 The BBC broadcast the last episode of 'Monty Python's Flying Circus.'
1974 French's Mustard squeeze package was introduced.
1974 Alexandre Dumaine died (born Aug 26, 1895). One of the most decorated French chefs. Proprietier of 3 Michelin star Hôtel de la Côte-d'Or. Author with Henry Clos Jouve of 'Ma Cuisnie' (1972).
1974 Cordelia (Hornaday) Knott died (born Jan 23, 1890). Co-founder, with her husband Walter, of Knott's Berry Farm in California.
1975 Working with Canadian zoologist Freud Urquhart, amateur naturalist Kenneth C. Brugger discovered the winter home of the Monarch butterfly in the mountains of central Mexico. The refuge he found was only about 200 square meters and contained about 20 million butterflies.
1975 T-Bone Walker, blues guitarist, died.
1975 'Lady Marmalade' by LaBelle hit #1 on the charts
1975 Rex Stout, American crime writer died. More than 70 of his novels and stories feature the fictional gourmand/gourmet detective, Nero Wolfe. Archie Goodwin, the detective's assistant, described him as weighing "one seventh of a ton" (about 286 pounds). Shad Roe and Duck were two of Wolfe's favorites, and he also consumed copious amounts of beer. Stout also published 'The Nero Wolfe Cookbook' in 1973.
1975 Percy L. Julian died. An African American chemist, he worked on synthesizing various compounds from soy beans. One of his creations was a foam fire extinguisher refined from soya protein.
1975 British celebrity chef Jamie Oliver was born. Known as the 'Naked Chef,' on his BBC TV cooking shows (the name refers to simplicity, not nudity). He has had several TV shows, 'The Naked Chef,' 'Return of the Naked Chef,' 'Happy Days with the Naked Chef,' 'Jamie's Kitchen,' 'Return to Jamie's Kitchen,' and 'Oliver's Twist.' He has also written several cookbooks.
1975 The first episode of 'Fawlty Towers' premiered.
1975 On the 'Mary Tyler Moore Show,' Chuckles the Clown is killed by an Elephant while he is dressed in a peanut suit.