FOOD HISTORY TIMELINE
1890 to 1894
1890 Thomas Lipton entered the tea business, to ensure supplies for his 300 grocery stores.
1890 The first aluminum saucepan is produced by Henry W. Avery in Cleveland, Ohio.
1890 Commercial bakeries now produce 20% of U.S. bread.
1890 Knox's Gelatine is introduced by Charles B. Knox and his wife Rose.
1890 England and Wales have over 103,000 public houses (Pubs), one for every 300 people.
1890 Peanut butter was developed by a St. Louis doctor for his patients with bad teeth.
1890 President Benjamin Harrison signed the first law requiring inspection of meat products. It required the U.S. Dept of Agriculture (USDA) through the Bureau of Animal Industry, to inspect salted pork and bacon intended for export. In 1891, this law was amended to require the inspection and certification of all live cattle and beef intended for export.
1890 Sequoia National Park was established to protect the giant Sequoia trees, among the oldest living things on earth.
1890 Henri Nestle died (born 1814). In 1867 he invented an infant formula, farine lactee, a substitute breast milk for infants unable to breast feed. He sold the company in 1875. The company kept the Nestle name, and later expanded its products to include chocolate and condensed milk.
1890 Rolla N. Harger was born. A biochemist, he invented the first successful test machine for blood alcohol content, the Drunkometer, in 1931.
1890 Michael Romanoff was born in Lithuania on Feb 20 (died Sept 1, 1971). Born Hershel Geguzin, he was an actor, conman, professional imposter and Hollywood restaurateur. He posed as Russian Prince Michael Alexandrovich Dmitri Oblensky Romanoff from about 1919. He opened Romanoff's restaurant in Beverly Hills in the late 1930s, which became popular with Hollywood movie stars. The restaurant closed in 1962.
1890 Peter Henderson died. A Scottish-American scientist, known as the 'Father of America Horticulture,' he published 'Gardening for Profit’ and 'Gardening for Pleasure'.
1890 Idaho became the 43rd State, the Potato State.
1890 Nathan Handwerker was born June 14 (died March 24, 1974). Founded 'Nathan's' hot dog emporium at Coney Island, New York in 1916.
1890 Harland Sanders was born near Henryville, Indiana. Founder of Kentucky Fried Chicken fast food restaurant chain.
1890 Blues musician 'Jelly Roll' Morton was born.
1890 Peanut Butter was developed in 1890 by a St. Louis doctor for his patients with bad teeth.
1890 Meat Inspection Act authorized inspection of salted pork, bacon, and live animals intended for export, and the quarantine of imported animals.
1890 Of gainfully employed persons, 43 percent were engaged in agriculture.
1890 It takes about 50 hours or labor to produce 100 bushels of wheat.
1890 Combination corn-shucking and fodder-shredding machine patented.
1890 The population of the U.S. is now 62,979,766. Farmers are 43% of the labor force. There are about 4,565,000 farms, averaging about 136 acres.
1890 Census showed that the frontier settlement era was over.
1890 Second Morrill Act broadened land-grant program and set up funding for black land-grant schools.
1890 Cordelia (Hornaday) Knott was born (died April 23, 1974). Co-founder, with her husband Walter, of Knott's Berry Farm in California. Their farm evolved from growing and selling berries from a roadside stand into the oldest and one of the largest theme amusement parks in the U.S.
1890 Donald Forsha Jones was born (died June 19, 1963). American geneticist who invented the double-cross method of hybrid corn development, making production of high-yielding hybrid corn practical.
1890 The Oklahoma Territory was organized.
1890 Wyoming became the 44th state.
1891 The first Convention of the World Women's Christian Temperance Union began in Boston, Massachusetts (Nov. 10-19). The organizations primary goal was to promote total abstinence from alcohol.
1891 George A. Hormel founded Geo. A. Hormel & Company as small retail store in Austin, Minnesota.
1891 In St. Paul, Minnesota, Carpenter Electric Heating Mfg. Co. introduces the first electric oven for commercial sale.
1891 New York City has more soda fountains than saloons.
1891 Leipzig, Germany: The Hotel Hauffe honored the first American Express Travelers Cheque.
1891 The first rainmaking experiments in the U.S. were conducted near Midland, Texas. Robert Dyrenforth set off explosive balloons and artillery to try to make rainclouds. It was thought that the smoke, dust and air disturbances might produce rain. It didn't.
1891 Wrigley Co. is founded in Chicago, Illinois by William Wrigley, Jr., selling soap and giving away baking powder as a premium. The baking powder was more popular, so he switched to selling baking powder, giving chewing gum as a premium with each can. The gum became more popular than the baking powder so he went into the chewing gum business.
1891 August Schell died. He founded the August Schell Brewing Company in New Ulm, Minnesota in 1860.
1891 Otto Schnering was born. Founder of the Curtiss Candy Company in 1916. The company's first candy product was named Kandy Kake, renamed Baby Ruth in 1921. The Butterfinger candy bar was introduced in 1926.
1891 Sir Joseph William Bazalgette died. A British civil engineer, he designed the main sewer system for London.
1891 Abram Lyle died. Scottish shipbuilder and sugar refiner. Noted for the pale treacle, 'Lyle's Golded Syrup' (treacle is made from the syrup that remains after sugar is refined).
1891 The Travelers Cheque was patented.
1891 Many food historians consider the first cafeteria to have been in the YWCA of Kansas City, Mo. in 1891. It provided cheap, self-service meals to working women.
1891 Fig Newtons were created by Kennedy Biscuit Works in Cambridgeport, Massachusetts.
1891 Herman Melville died (born Aug 1, 1819). American writer, best known for the novel, 'Moby Dick; or The Whale'
1892 Dedication cermonies were held for the World's Columbian Exposition (Chicago World's Fair) on Oct 21, celebrating the 400th anniversary of Columbus arrival in the New World. The Fair would not open to the public until May 1, 1893.
1892 Lea & Perrins label was trademarked.
1892 Joel Cheek creates a special coffee blend for the Maxwell House Hotel in Nashville, Tennessee. It becomes known as Maxwell House Coffee.
1892 J.R.R. Tolkien was born. Author of 'The Hobbit' and 'The Lord of the Rings' trilogy. Food and hospitality play important roles in both.
1892 Coca-Cola incorporated.
1892 William Painter received a patent for the crown-cork bottle cap with a cork seal. It was used up until the 1970s, when the cork liner was replaced with a plastic liner.
1892 George Sampson received a patent for a clothes dryer.
1892 Dr. Washington Sheffeld invented the collapsible metal toothpaste tube.
1892 The Sierra Club is formed in San Francisco for nature conservation.
1892 Macadamia nuts were first planted in Hawaii.
1892 The first concrete paved street is built in Bellefontaine, Ohio. This makes food shopping much easier. It wasn’t long before ‘they paved Paradise and put up a parking’ lot for the supermarket.
1892 Thomas Cook died. In 1841 Cook hired a special excursion train between Leicester and Loughborough in England for a temperance meeting. The beginning of Thomas Cook & Son, the worldwide travel agency.
1892 John Froelich made the first gasoline powered tractor.
1892 Joshua Pusey invented book matches (he called them Flexible Matches). He sold the patent to the Diamond Match Company in 1895 or 1896..
1892 Earle Dickson was born. He invented band-aids for his wife, who had frequent kitchen accidents, cutting or burning herself. He worked as a buyer for Johnson & Johnson, who soon began manufacturing band-aids.
1892 The first long distance telephone line between Chicago and New York City was put in service.
1892 The first performance of Tchaikovsky's 'The Nutcracker' in St. Petersburg.
1892 Work began on a tunnel under the East River "whereby gas may be supplied from works situated in Long Island City to the City of New York." This was the first tunnel under the East River.
1893 Frank J. Wisner, owner of Cripple Creek Brewing in Colorado and manufacturer of Myers Avenue Red Root Beer, is said to have invented the 'Black Cow' root beer float in August, 1893.
1893 Panic hit the New York Stock Exchange and the stock market crashed. By year's end, the country was in a severe depression; over 15,000 businesses go bankrupt and more than 600 banks close.
93 Ontario creates Algonquin Park as a wildlife sanctuary. It is Canada's first provincial park.
1893 A team from Zorra Township, Ontario wins World Championship Tug Of War at the Chicago World Fair.
1893 Sixty independent orange growers formed the Southern California Fruit Exchange, a union of local associations to market their fruit.
1893 At noon the Cherokee Strip Land Run began. It was Oklahoma's 4th and largest land run, with 100,000 participants competing for 40,000 homesteads on 6 million acres of land.
1893 Henry D. Perky and William H. Ford were issued U.S. patent No. 502378 for a machine to produce cereals (shredded wheat).
1893 The World's Columbian Exposition (Chicago World's Fair) opened in Chicago, Illinois on May 1. It was held to celebrate the 400th anniversary of Columbus' arrival in the New World in 1492 (the Fair was dedicated on October 21, 1892 but did not open to the public until May 1, 1893).
1893 Coca-Cola trademark recorded.
1893 John Tyndall died Dec 4 (born Aug 2, 1820). British physicist. He is popularly remembered as the first to explain why the sky is blue (atmospheric molecules preferentially scatter the sun's blue rays).
1893 Emmett J. Culligan was born. He was the founder of the water treatment company that carries his name. (Hey, Culligan Man!)
1893 The original Waldorf Hotel opened. It had 450 rooms and almost 1,000 employees.
1893 One of the oldest golf courses in the U.S. is set up at the Town and Country Club in St. Paul, Minnesota. The course originally consisted of tomato cans sunk in a pasture.
1893 Alphonse Pyrame de Candolle died. A Swiss botanist, author of 'Origin of Cultivated Plants.'
1893 The Anti-Saloon League was founded by Howard H. Russell at Oberlin, Ohio.
1893 Good & Plenty candy was introduced by the Quaker City Confectionery Company of Philadelphia.
1893 African American inventor Thomas W. Stewart of Detroit, Michigan received U.S. patent No. 499,402 for an improved mop with a levered clamp to hold the 'mop rag' in place.
1893 R.W. Rueckheim invents Cracker Jack, a popcorn, peanut and molasses confection. It was introduced at the Columbian Exposition in Chicago. R.W.'s brother Louis perfected the secret formula in 1896, which prevents the molasses coated popcorn from sticking together. The prize in each box was introduced in 1912.
1893 The first Ferris Wheel opened at the Columbian Exposition in Chicago, Illinois. Invented by George Washington Ferris, it had 36 cars and carried 60 passengers 264 feet high.
1893 'Happy Birthday to You' was first published.
1893 Cream of Wheat was developed by wheat millers in Grand Forks, North Dakota.
1893 Raymond Loewy was born. An American design engineer, he designed the Coca Cola bottle, the 1934 Sears Coldspot refrigerator, toothbrushes, etc.
1893 Juicy fruit chewing gum introduced.
1893 At the 1893 Chicago Fair, Pabst beer won a blue ribbon, and was called 'Pabst Blue Ribbon" beer from then on.
1893 The last day of the World's Columbian Exposition (Chicago World's Fair) in Chicago, Illinois. It celebrated the 400th anniversary of Columbus' arrival in the New World in 1492.
1893 Edward Adelbert Doisy was born (died Oct 23, 1986). American biochemist who shared (with Henrik Dam) the 1943 Nobel Prize for Medicine for the isolation and synthesis of vitamin K.
1893 Hawaii's monarchy was overthrown when businessmen and sugar planters forced Queen Liliuokalani to abdicate.
1893 Quebec declares beer of not over 4% alcohol is a 'temperance drink' (making it legal).
1893 Newfoundland, Canada bans fishermen from killing seals on Sundays.
1893 The New York stock market crashed.
1893 The official opening of the Chateau Frontenac hotel in Quebec, Canada.
1894 Lobster Thermidor is created at the Paris restaurant Maire, to honor the opening of Victorien Sardou's play, 'Thermidor', at Comedie-Francaise.
1894 Quebec, Canada holds its first Winter Carnival.
1894 Ontario, Canada votes in favor of alcohol prohibition.
1894 The first volume of the Oxford English Dictionary was published.
1894 President Grover Cleveland signed legislation declaring Labor Day a national holiday, to be observed the first Monday in September.
1894 Mildred M. Lord of Milwaukee, Wisconsin received U.S. patent No. 529,869 for a "Washing Machine in which a suds box is used with a swinging agitator."
1894 W. Atlee Burpee & Co. introduced iceberg lettuce to their seed catalog.
1894 Charles H. Phillips Chemical Company registered 'Milk of Magnesia' trademark.
1894 Elzie Crisler Segar was born. Creator of the spinach loving Popeye the Sailer Man.
1894 Dorthy Richards the 'Beaver Woman’ was born (died 1985). She spent 50 years studing beavers in the Adirondack foothills of New York.
1894 Pierre Joseph van Beneden died. A Belgian parasitologist, he discovered the life cycle of tapeworms.
1894 Antoine-Joseph (Adolphe) Sax died. A musical instrument maker, he invented the saxophone.
1894 Hershey's Chocolate Company was founded as a subsidiary of Milton S. Hershey's Lancaster Caramel Company.
1894 Coca Cola was first bottled by Joseph A. Biedenham of Vicksburg, Mississippi. Before that it was only mixed to order at the soda fountain.
1894 Joseph Delteil was born (died April 16, 1978). French writer and poet. Also wrote 'La Cuisine palolithique' (1964) featurilng cuisine naturelle using unprocessed foods.
1894 African American inventor G. W. Murray received 2 patents for a Furrow Opener & Stalk Knocker and a Cultivator & Marker.
1894 Alfred Charles Kinsey born. Alfred Charles Kinsey is famous for the two books his Institute for Sex Research published, Sexual Behavior in the Human Male (1948) and Sexual Behavior of the Human Female (1953). However, he was also a world authority on the taxonomy of gall wasps, and author of 'Edible Wild Plants of Eastern North America' (1943).
1894 Percy Le Baron Spencer was born. Spencer developed the microwave oven in 1945, after he noticed that some chocolate in his pocket had melted after being accidentally exposed to radiation from a magnetron tube he was working on at the time.
1894 African American inventor S. Newson patented an "oil heater or cooker."
1894 Arthur Treacher, actor, announcer was born. He later founded Arthur Treacher's Fish & Chips restaurant franchise.
1894 Oliver Wendell Holmes died. American physician, poet and humorist. Author of 'The Autocrat of the Breakfast Table,' 'The Professor of the Breakfast Table,' 'The Poet of the Breakfast Table,' and 'Over the Teacups.'
1894 Donald Deskey was born. An industrial designer, he designed the packaging for Tide laundry detergent and Crest toothpaste among others.