FOOD HISTORY TIMELINE
1760 to 1769
1760 Olof Swartz was born. A Swedish botanist who collected plants in Jamaica and Hispaniola, and published several books on the plants of the Caribbean.
1760 Fire in Boston, Massachusetts destroyed more than 350 homes, shops and warehouses, and spread down to the wharves where ten ships were left in ashes.
1762 Samuel Morey was born (died 1843). American inventor. His first patent, issued on January 26, 1793 (No. X51), was for a steam powered roasting spit, and was signed by George Washington.
1762 Mary Randolph was born. She was a Southern U.S. cookbook author, whose 'The Virginia Housewife' (1824) is considered the first cookbook of the American South, and one of the most influential cookbooks of the 19th century. It contains hints of the influence of African cooking on the cooking of the American South. Mrs. Randolph was also one of the first to use measurements in recipes, rather than just a list of ingredients.
1762 The first St. Patrick's Day parade is held in New York City by Irish soldiers serving in the British army.
1762 The first written record of the word 'sandwich'. Edward Gibbons Journal, 11/24/1762: “I dined at the Cocoa Tree....That respectable body affords every evening a sight truly English. Twenty or thirty of the first men in the kingdom....supping at little tables....upon a bit of cold meat, or a Sandwich.”
1763 John Jacob Astor was born in Waldorf, Germany. His descendants built the Waldorf-Astoria hotel.
1763 John Molson was born. He founded Molson Brewery, Montreal, Canada.
1764 William Oliver died (born 1695). English physician credited with creating the 'Bath Oliver' - a very plain, round unsweetened biscuit or cracker, usually served with cheese.
1764 Gottlieb Sigismund Kirchhof was born. He discovered glucose, developed a method for refining vegetable oil, and also experimented with brewing and fermentation.
1764 St. Louis, Missouri was founded as a fur post by Pierre Laclède.
1764 The first issue of The Hartford Courant was published. It is the oldest continuously published newspaper in the U.S.
1764 Charles Grey, 2nd Earl, was born. Earl Grey was given the recipe for Earl Grey Tea by a Chinese mandarin with whom he was friends (and/or whose life either he or another British diplomat saved).
1764 The Sugar Act passed in Britain, placing new restrictions on the import of molasses to America.
1765 The very first pâté de foie gras (goose liver paste) is said to have been created in Strasbourg in 1765 by a Norman chef named Jean-Joseph Close. (Although the technique for producing foie gras goes back as far as the ancient Egyptians)
1765 M. Boulanger opens the first restaurant, by that name, in Paris.
1765 The British Parliament passed the Quartering Act, which required American colonists to provide temporary quarters, food, drink, etc. to British troops stationed in their towns.
1765 A crowd in Boston gathered under a large elm tree to protest the Stamp Act. The 'Liberty Tree' became a rallying point for resistance to British rule over the American Colonies (see also March 22, 1765).
1765 Eli Whitney was born. Inventor of the cotton gin, but more important he developed the concept of mass producing interchangeable parts.
1765 John Hannon, financed by James Baker, began producing one of the first North American-made chocolate products using water power. The beginnings of 'Baker's Chocolate'
1765 Britain enacted the Stamp Act, which imposed a tax on every piece of printed paper used in the American colonies.
1765 The first Agricultural Fair in North America was held at the British garrison, Fort Edwards, Nova Scotia.
1766 Thomas Tovert Malthus was born (died 1834). British economist best known for his theory that population tends to increase faster than the food supply, leading inevitably to disastrous results - famine, disease and/or war.
1766 Louis, Marquis de Cussy was born. French gastronome, a friend of Grimod de la Reyniere, who stated that Cussy had invented 366 different ways to prepare chicken. Cussy wrote 'Les Classiques de la table'.
1766 Sir John Leslie was born. A Scottish physicist and mathematician, he was the first to freeze water artificially (create ice artificially). He used an air pump apparatus.
1766 Robert Bailey Thomas was born. He was the founder and long time editor of the 'Farmer's Almanac' now known as the 'Old Farmer's Almanac.'
1766 Alexander Wilson was born. Scottish naturalist, ornithologist and poet. Founder of American ornithology.
1766 Jacob Perkins was Born. Perkins was issued the first U.S. patent for a refrigerating machine. It used sulphuric ether compression.
1766 Benjamin Smith Barton was born. American physician and naturalist, he wrote the first American botanical textbook, 'Elements of Botany' (1803).
1766 Charles Macintosh was born. Scottish chemist and inventor of waterproof fabrics. The Mackintosh, or Macintosh raincoat was named for him.
1768 Georg Brandt died. A Swedish chemist, he discovered the element cobalt in 1730. Cobalt is used in steel making, and is an essential part of vitamin B12.
1768 Francois Auguste Rene Vicomte de Chateaubriand was born. Chateaubriand was a French writer and politician. His chef, Montmireil, created the famous recipe consisting of a center cut from the beef tenderloin, grilled and served with bearnaise sauce and chateau potatoes. He named the dish Chateaubriand.
1768 William Cookworthy received a British patent for a process to manufacture fine white porcelain from local clay, leading to the establishment of the porcelain industry in Britain.
1768 The first Chamber of Commerce in the U.S. is founded in New York City.
1769 A riot occurred at the Haymarket Theatre in London, when a 'magician' did not show up to perform. He had claimed he would get into a quart tavern bottle "and there sing several songs."