FOOD HISTORY TIMELINE
1600 to 1625
1600 The blood orange is believed to have developed by natural mutation in Sicily.
1600 The British East India Company was incorporated by royal charter. It was created to compete in the East Indian spice trade.
1600 Charles I, king of England, Scotland and Ireland was born. Ice cream is said to have come from France when he married Henrietta Maria, daughter of Henri IV, and sister of Louis XIII.
1602 The Dutch East India Company was established and the Netherlands granted it a monopoly on trade with Asia.
1602 English explorer Bartholomew Gosnold dropped anchor off the Massachusetts coast. The crew pulled in so many cod fish that they "threw numbers of them overboard again." Gosnold decided to name the place 'Cape Cod.'
1603 Andrea Cesalpino died. Italian botanist. (See 1519)
1607 The Carthusian monks in the French Alps are supposedly given the secret formula for Chartreuse liqueur by the Marechal d'Estrees.
1607 A group of 104 colonists arrive from England and establish the first permanent English colony in America. They named the settlement Jamestown in honor of King James I.
1608 John Tradescant was born. He succeeded his father as naturalist and gardener to Charles I.
1608 In Canada, the city of Quebec was founded by Samuel de Champlain.
1609 Charles de L'Escluse, or Carolus Clusius died (born 1526). A pioneering French botanist, he contributed to the establishment of modern botanical science. Published many influential books including Rariorum plantarum historia (1601).
1610 The 1610 Community Regulations of Kracow, Poland stated that bagels were to be given as a gift to women in childbirth.
1615 The first tea is imported to the west
1615 Furuta Oribe died. His original name was Furuta Shigenari. He was a Japanese master of the tea ceremony who studied under Sen Riky. His ideas influenced the tea ceremony, teahouse architecture, tea-garden landscaping & even flower arrangement.
1616 Nicholas Culpeper was born (died Jan 10, 1654). English botanist and herbalist. He published the 'Complete Herbal' (1653) containing a comprehensive list of English medicinal herbs and their uses.
1616 William Shakespeare died. There are many references to food in Shakespeare's works.
1617 Prospero Alpini died. An Italian physician and botanist, he is said to have introduced coffee and bananas to Europe and to have been the first to artificially fertilize date palms.
1617 The first one way streets were established in London. Seventeen one way streets were created to regulate "disorder and rude behaviour of Carmen, Draymen, and others using Cartes."
1618 Francis Bacon became Lord Chancellor of England.
1619 Thirty-eight colonists arrived from England to settle the land grant along the James River that became known as the Berkeley Hundred (Berkeley Plantation). They observed a prayer of Thanksgiving for their safe passage to the New World. December 4 became a day of Thanksgiving at Berkeley, "yearly and perpetually kept holy" as the plantation charter directed.
1620 The Pilgrims set sail and landed at Plymouth Rock on the Mayflower. The first corn (maize) was discovered by some Pilgrims led by Myles Standish, while exploring the area near Provincetown, Massachusetts. They named the spot Corn Hill.
1620 The Mayflower Compact was signed by most of the adult male passengers aboard the English ship Mayflower off Cape Cod, Massachusetts. The first framework of government and written English contract in North America.
1621 Prince Louis II de Condé, known as the Great Condé, was born. He was a French general who loved to hunt and had a passion for rice. Several dishes have been named for him, includintg Consomme Condé and Creme Condé.
1624 Gaspard Bauhin died. Swiss botanist. (see 1560)