FOOD HISTORY TIMELINE
1911 to 1915
1911 Ellen Swallow Richards died. She was one of the founders of the home economics movement in the U.S.
1911 Jasper Newton 'Jack' Daniel died (born 1850). Founder of Jack Daniel's Tennessee whiskey distillery.
1911 Tennessee Williams was born (died 1983). American playwright. ‘A Streetcar Named Desire’ (1947); ‘Cat on a Hot Tin Roof’ (1955); ‘The Night of the Iguana’ (1961); ‘The Milk Train Doesn't Stop Here Anymore’ (1963) etc.
1911 Seaman Asahel Knapp died. An American agriculturist, he began the system which evolved into the U.S. Cooperative Extension Service.
1911 William A. Mitchell was born. American food chemist. While working for General Foods Corp. he invented Tang, Pop Rocks, Cool Whip, quick-set Jell-O, powdered egg whites, etc.
1911 The National Coffee Association was founded, one of the oldest trade associations in the U.S.
1911 Carry Amelia Nation died. Famous temperance movement activist, she was known for destroying saloons with a hatchet.
1911 Lucille Ball was born. Two of the funniest food related comedy routines ever done were the chocolate factory and the grape stomping episodes from her TV show.
1911 John Gates died. Gates was an inventor, promoter and barbed wire manufacturer.
1911 Crisco is introduced by Procter & Gamble. Crisco is a hydrogenated shortening made from vegetable oil, which keeps its solid form even in warm weather.
1911 English author William Golding was born. His first novel was 'Lord of the Flies' (1954).
1911 Nathaniel Wyeth was born. A chemist and inventor, he patented the PET (polyethylene terephthalate). It was the first plastic strong enough to use to bottle carbonated beverages.
1911 Georges Claude of Paris, France applied for a patent for an electric neon sign. It was issued on January 19, 1915.
1911 Automatic rotary bottle filler & capper perfected.
1911 First Farm Bureau formed in Broome County, NY.
1911 First motor truck delivery of livestock reaches Indianapolis. Prior to that, all livestock were transported via railroad.
1911 Roald Amundsen and four others (Bjaaland, Wisting, Hassel and Hansse) became the first to reach the South Pole. They celebrated by sharing some seal meat.
1911 A record low temperature of -61.1°C (77.98°F) was supposedly recorded at Fort Vermilion, Alberta, Canada.
1911 The 1st Saskatchewan Homemakers' Clubs Convention is held in Regina, Saskatchewan.
1911 Melvin Ellis Calvin was born (died Jan 8, 1997), An American biochemist he was awarded the 1961 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for furthering our knowledge of the mechanism of photosynthesis in green plants.
1911 In Canada, The Dominion Parks Branch of the Department of the Interior is established, the world’s first national parks service.
1912 The California Fruit Growers Exchange registered 'Sunkist' trademark for lemons.
1912 The Hawaiian Pineapple Company registered 'JDDole' trademark for canned pineapple.
1912 First Lady Helen Taft and Viscountess Chinda, wife of the Japanese ambassador, planted the first two Cherry Trees from Japan at the Tidal Basin in West Potomac Park in Washington D.C. The trees were part of a gift of 3,000 Cherry Trees from Mayor Yukio Ozaki of Tokyo to the city of Washington, DC. Each year the National Cherry Blossom Festival in Washington D.C. commemorates the 1912 gift.
1912 Massachusetts becomes the first state to adopt a minimum wage law.
1912 The Carleton Hotel opened in Montreal, Canada (now the Ritz Carleton).
1912 Hotel Firsts: 24 year-old Silas Christofferson flew a 'Curtis pusher' airplane (the propeller was in the rear) from the roof of the 12 story Multnomah Hotel in Portland, Oregon. The first person to fly a plane off the roof of a hotel
1912 The XIT Ranch in Texas sold its last head of cattle. At its peak the ranch had more than 160,000 head of cattle on its nearly 3 million acres, with 1,500 miles of fencing.
1912 Clara Barton died. Founder of the American Red Cross.
1912 Pearson's Nut Goodie Bar was introduced.
1912 Bram Stoker died. (born 1847). Author of 'Dracula' (1897). “I want your blood!”
1912 Edgar Rice Burroughs' first Tarzan novel, 'Tarzan of The Apes' was first published in 'All Story' magazine (October issue, published August 27).
1912 USDA makes initial crosses between Lincoln and Ramboullet sheep breeds, leading to the Columbia breed.
1912 Konrad (Emil) Bloch was born. Nobel prize winner for his work on cholesterol and fatty acids. He discovered that high levels of cholesterol may lead ultimately to increased risk of heart attacks.
1912 Juliette 'Daisy' Gordon Low founded the Girl Scouts of the USA in Savannah, Georgia.
1912 The Dixie Cup was developed by Lawrence Luellen and Hugh Moore. Its original name was the 'Health Kup,' changed to 'Dixie Cup' in 1919. The name came from a line of dolls made by the Dixie Doll Company.
1912 The 'Googoo Cluster' candy bar was introduced by the Standard Candy Company. Marshmallow, caramel and roasted peanuts covered with milk chocolate.
1912 The British luxury liner Titanic struck an iceberg shortly before midnight. It sank at 2:20 a.m. on April 15.
1912 John Jacob Astor IV Died. Great grandson of John Jacob Astor, who founded the family fortune. John Jacob IV built the Astoria section of what would become the Waldorf Astoria Hotel (1897) in New York city (this was on the site that were the Empire State building would be built in 1929). He also built the Knickerbocker and the St. Regis hotels. He died on the Titanic.
1912 The Beverly Hills Hotel opened.
1912 The United States government adopted an 8-hour work day.
1912 David Ross Brower was born. Brower was the founder of many environmental organizations including the Friends of the Earth and Earth Island Institute.
1912 The first Horn & Hardart Automat in New York City is opened. (The very first Automat Horn & Hardart opened was in Philadelphia on June 9, 1902).
1912 Julia Child was born. American cooking authority, cookbook author, TV Cooking show host, etc. During World War II, she also worked for the OSS from 1941-1945 (The OSS is the forerunner of the CIA).
1912 The first cannery opened in England. It was to supply food to the Royal Navy.
1912 Richard Hellmann, a New York deli owner created his recipe for bottled mayonnaise in 1903. He began to market it in 1912.
1912 Nabisco debuts the Oreo cookie. A red letter day in the history of cookies.
1912 David Packard was born. Founder with William Hewlett of Hewlett Packard Company. Before they became famous for computers and printers etc., some of their early inventions were an automatic urinal flusher and a weight loss shock machine!
1912 Hayden cranberry separator patented. First cranberry sauce marketed, Hanson, MA.
1912 The term 'cheesecake' was invented when an actress arriving in N.Y. posed for photographers and revealed more leg that was customary.
1912 Morton's Table Salt was introduced.
1912 Lorna Doone cookies were introduced.
1912 The U.S. prohibited the sale of Absinthe.
1913 The National Biscuit Co. (Nabisco) registered the "Oreo" trademark (introduced in 1912).
1913 Candy manufacturer Clarence Crane registered 'Life Savers' trademark (he invented the mint hard candy in 1912).
1913 The first drive-up automobile service station opened, in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
1913 Grand Central Terminal in New York City opens. It is the largest railroad station in the world, with 44 platforms and 67 tracks on 2 levels.
1913 The 16th Ammendment to the U.S. Constitution was officially declared ratified. It gave Congress the power to levy an income tax.
1913 Robert Rich was born (died 2006). Founder of Rich Products Corp. and creator of the first frozen non-dairy whipped topping from soybean oil.
1913 Burt Baskin was born (died 1967). Co-founder, with Irv Robbins, of the Baskin-Robbins ice cream parlor chain in 1946 in Glendale, California.
1913 Carl Gustaf Patrik de Laval died. A Swedish scientist and inventor. Among his inventions was the centrifugal cream separator and a vacuum milking machine.
1913 The 16th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution was ratified. It gave Congress the power to levy taxes on income. In 1913 less than 1% of the population paid income tax at the rate of 1%.
1913 Cracker Jack began to put prizes in each box.
1913 Thomas Wright of New Jersey patented a method to load ice on to refrigerator railroad cars.
1913 The zipper was patented by Gideon Sundback. Most checked chefs pants still have buttons.
1913 William Motter Inge was born. An American playwright, he was the author of 'Picnic' which was also filmed in 1956.
1913 William Hewlett was born. Founder with David Packard of Hewlett Packard Company. Before they became famous for computers and printers etc., some of their early inventions were an automatic urinal flusher and a weight loss shock machine!
1913 Kemmons Wilson was born. Founder of Holiday Inn hotel chain, the first standardized hotel chain.
1913 The 'official' highest temperature ever recorded was 134° F. at Furnace Creek Ranch in Death Valley, California. There are some doubts about the accuracy of that reading. (see also Sept 13, 1922 and July 21, 2016)
1913 Stainless steel was cast for the first time in Sheffield, England. Harry Brearly of Thomas Firth & Sons discovered how to make 'the steel that doesn't rust' by accident.
1913 The official route of the Lincoln Highway was announced. It was the first coast to coast highway, running from New York to San Francisco.
1913 A monument to honor sea gulls was erected in Salt Lake City. The gulls had eaten the plague of grasshoppers that threatened the Mormon settlers crops in 1848.
1913 A dike was blown up by the U.S. engineers to complete the final stage of the Panama Canal, and the waters of the Pacific met the waters of the Atlantic.
1913 Adolphus Busch died. Founded Annheuser Busch in 1866 with his father-in-law, Eberhard Anheuser.
1913 Alfred Russel Wallace died. Wallace was a British naturalist who developed a theory of natural selection independently of Charles Darwin. He sent his conclusions to Darwin, and their findings were both presented to the Linnaean Society in 1858.
1913 The first volume of Marcel Proust's 'Remembrance of Things Past' was published.
1913 The 'New York World' published the first crossword puzzle. Don't forget to check the various Food theme crosswords on the Food Reference Website!
1913 Robert Mondavi was born. A leading Napa Valley vintner.
1913 President William H. Taft signed Public Law 426-62, creating the U. S. Department of Labor.
1913 The Weeks-McLean Law became effective. It was designed to stop commercial market hunting and illegal shipment of migratory birds from one state to another. Included were "All wild geese, wild swans, brant, wild ducks, snipe, plover, woodcock, rail, wild pigeons, and all other migratory game and insectivorous birds."
1913 The National Biscuit Co. introduced 'Mallomars', chocolate covered marshmallow cookies.
1913 Aaron Montgomery Ward died (born Feb 17, 1844). Founder of Montgomery Ward & Co. to sell general merchandise by mail order.
1913 Elizabeth David was born (died May 22, 1992). "Britain's first lady of food." Food writer who strongly influenced home cookery in Britain after the austerity of WW II, writing about European cuisines and traditional British cookery.
1914 John James McLaughlin died (born March 2, 1865). Canadian chemist and pharmacist, founder of Canada Dry soft drink brand.
1914 Stephen F. Whitman registered a trademark for 'Whitman's Sampler Chocolates & Confections.'
1914 Morton Salt Co. registered "When It Rains It Pours" trademark.
1914 The Grand League of the American Horseshoe Pitchers Association was founded.
1914 Bob Wian was born (March 31, 1992). In 1936 he founded the Big Boy restaurant chain in Glendale, California with a 10 stool hamburger stand. In 1967 he sold the chain to Marriott Corp. for $7 million.
1914 George Eastman introduced color photography process.
1914 Morton first used "When It Rains It Pours" trademark slogan for its salt.
1914 Thurl Ravenscroft was born (died 2005). Voice actor best known as the voice of 'Tony the Tiger' in Kellogg's Frosted Flakes commercials - "They're grrrreeat!"
1914 Aaron 'Bunny' Lapin Born. Lapin was the inventor of whipped cream in an aerosol can (Reddi-Wip) in 1947. It was first sold by milkmen in St. Louis in 1948.
1914 William Burroughs, novelist was born. He wrote 'Naked Lunch.'
1914 The Coca Cola Bottler's Association was formed.
1914 The Smith-Lever Extension Act passed setting up a national extension service.
1914 At the National Gallery in London, a suffragette slashes Valazquez's 'Rokeby Venus' with a meat cleaver.
1914 Norman Ernest Borlaug was born. American agronomist, Nobel Peace Prize winner for efforts to overcome world hunger. Developed the wheat/rye hybrid called 'triticale' with higher yield and protein content.
1914 Justin Wilson, Cajun chef and humorist was born. He wrote five cookbooks and hosted several cooking shows on TV, including 'Louisiana Cookin' and 'Cookin' Cajun.'
1914 C. W. Post (Charles William) died. He founded the Postum Cereal Co. in 1895 (renamed General Foods Corp. in 1922) to manufacture Postum cereal beverage; 1897 Grape Nuts, 1904 Post Toasties (originally called Elijah's Mana).
1914 Baron Marcel Bich Born. French inventor of the Bic Pen in 1949.
1914 The Panama Canal opened when a ship sailed from the Atlantic to the Pacific Ocean on August 15.
1914 The first electric traffic lights were installed in Cleveland, Ohio at Euclid Ave and East 105th Street.
1914 Martha, the last surviving Passenger Pigeon died on September 1, 1914 at the Cincinnati Zoo, the species having been commercially hunted to extinction.
1914 The U.S. Federal Trade Commission was established.
1914 Margaret E. Knight died. American inventor, she invented an improved paper bag machine to make bags with flat bottoms.
1914 John Muir died. Muir was a naturalist who was largely responsible for the establishment of Sequoia and Yosemite national parks in California in 1890.
1914 The J.L. Kraft Bros. cheese factory was founded by James L. Kraft in Stockton, Illinois.
1914 Tank trucks first used for transporting milk.
1914 Henry Ford introduced a minimum wage of $5 per day.
1914 President Woodrow Wilson issued a proclamation declaring the first national Mother's Day.
1914 Frédéric Mistral died (born 1830). French Nobel-prize winning writer. In 1891 he founded the journal 'L'Aioli' (aioli is a traditional Provençal garlic sauce). "Aioli epitomizes the heat, the power, and the joy of the Provençal sun, but it has another virtue — it drives away flies."
1915 On Santa Catalina Island off California, a fire burned half of the buildings, including six hotels and several clubs.
1915 Corn Products Refining Co. registered 'ARGO' trademark (corn starch).
1915 Congress creates the U.S. Coast Guard.
1915 Mary Mallon (Typhoid Mary) was arrested and quarantined at Riverside Hospital on North Border Island in New York City, until her death in 1938. She had previously been arrested and quarantined several times. Immune to the disease herself, she was a carrier of the bacillus and spread it wherever she worked as a cook. She kept returning to her occupation as a cook even though repeatedly promising not to do so, and was responsible for major outbreaks of typhoid in New York in 1904, 1907 and 1914. (See also Sept 23, 1869).
1915 Edwin Traisman was born in Chicago, Illinois (died June 5, 2007). Food scientist who developed the process for freezing McDonald's french fries and helped develop Cheez Whiz.
1915 Lawrence Hargrave died (born 1850). Australian aeronaut, he invented the box kite in 1894.
1915 Fannie Merritt Farmer died (born 1857). American culinary authority, and author of the 1896 edition of 'The Boston Cooking School Cook Book' later known as the 'Fannie Farmer Cook Book.' Director of the Boston Cooking School, and founder of Miss Farmer's School of Cookery. Often cited as the first cookbook author to introduce standard measurements.
1915 Rosenella Cruciani 'Rose' Totino was born. The queen of frozen pizza. Co-founder with her husband Jim Totino, of Totino's Pizzeria and Totino's Finer Foods.
1915 Joseph McCoy died (born dec 21, 1837). American cattleman, he promoted Abilene, Kansas as a terminus for Texas cattle drives (the Chisholm Trail), shipping the cattle from there by rail to big cities in the Midwest and East.
1915 Victor Sen Yung was born (died 1980). American character actor, he played the cook Hop Sing on the TV show 'Bonanza'. He also played Charlie Chan's son, Jimmy Chan in numerous Charlie Chan movies.
1915 George Claude of Paris was issued U.S. patent No. 1,125,476 for a neon tube advertising sign ("System of Illuminating by Luminescent Tubes").
1915 Wilbert Robinson (Uncle Robby), manager of the Brooklyn Dodgers, attempts to catch a baseball dropped from an airplane. Someone had substituted a grapefruit instead, which virtually exploded in his glove on impact, covering him with grapefruit pulp and juice, much to the amusement of his team.
1915 Sir Sanford Fleming died. He devised the present system of time zones while working for the Canadian Pacific Railway.
1915 Vincent Sardi Jr. was born. Owner, Sardi's Restaurant, New York, N.Y.
1915 The familiar round Quaker Oats package is introduced.
1915 Nathan Pritikin was born. A nutritionist who believed that exercise and a low fat, high unrefined carbohydrate diet helped reverse his own heart disease. He founded the Pritikin Longevity Center in 1976
1915 W. Atlee Burpee died. Founder of the world's largest mail-order seed company in 1876.
1915 John Van Wormer was granted a patent on Jan 15 for his 'Pure-Pak' - a "paper bottle" to be used for holding milk. It would be 10 years before a machine was perfected to make the containers.
1915 There were an estimated 6.5 million farms in the U.S. Total population of the U.S. was 100 million.
1915 A gallon of milk cost 36 cents, but in 2006 dollars that would be $7.22.
1915 Absinthe is outlawed in France and several other countries.