FOOD HISTORY TIMELINE
1825 to 1830
1825 Eli Whitney died. Inventor of the cotton gin, but more important he developed the concept of mass producing interchangeable parts.
1825 Ezra Daggett and Thomas Kensett of New York City were granted the first U.S. patent for food storage in tin cans. They had been canning seafood since developing the process in 1819.
1825 La Physiologie du gout (The Physiology of Taste) published by Jean Anthelme Brillat-Savarin.
1825 On October 26 the 363 mile long Erie Canal was completed. Connecting the Great Lakes to the Hudson River at Albany, It provided a water route from the Great Lakes to New York City and the Atlantic Ocean, and began the great canal building era in the U.S. (1825-1840).
1825 Agriculture Committee of the U.S. Senate is established.
1826 Jean Anthelme Brillat-Savarin Died. A French lawyer and politician, author of La Physiologie du gout (‘The Physiology of Taste’) (1825). He was probably the greatest food critic ever.
1826 Joseph-Louis Proust Died. Proust was a French chemist. In 1799 he extracted sugar from grapes, and proved it identical to sugar extracted from honey.
1826 John Fowler born. Fowler was an English engineer who helped develop the 'steam-hauled' plow and several other specialty use plows.
1826 Alfred Ely Beach was born. American inventor and publisher of ‘Scientific American’ magazine.
1826 Noah Cushing was issued a patent for a threshing and winnowing machine.
1826 John Walker invented the friction match (strike anywhere).
1826 'Eggnog Riot' at West Point military academy. When informed that their Christmas eggnog would be alcohol free, cadets in North Barrack No. 5 decided to make their own eggnog with alcohol, for a Christmas eve late night/early morning celebration. Of course it got noisy and they were caught. Shouting and general disorder developed, some swords were drawn, firewood crashed through windows, and at least one shot was fired. The artillery unit stationed at West Point had to be called in to quell the disturbance. In the aftermath 6 cadets resigned, 19 were court marshaled, and many, including a young Jefferson Davis, were confined to quarters for more than a month.
1826 Peter Barr was born (died 1909). Scottish horticulturist popularly known as the “Daffodil King” for his work studying and popularizing this spring flower.
1827 Marc Antoine Desaugiers died (born 1772). French composer, song writer. Wrote many songs about the joys of the table.
1827 Sir Sanford Fleming was born. He devised the present system of time zones while working for the Canadian Pacific Railway.
1827 The first Mardi Gras celebration was held in New Orleans.
1827 Joseph Dixon began manufacturing the first lead (graphite) pencils.
1827 Josiah Spode II died. Inventor of Fine Bone China (Spode porcelain). It became the standard English bone china.
1827 Giovanni (John) Del-Monico, Swiss wine merchant, and his brother Pietro (Peter) open Delmonico & Brother Café at 23 William St. in Manhattan, New York City.
1828 Cornelius Hoagland was born. Co-founder of Royal Baking Powder Company in 1866 with his brother Joseph Christoffel Hoagland.
1828 Casparus van Wooden of Amsterdam, patented chocolate milk powder.
1828 August Schell was born in Durbach, Germany. In 1860 he would found the award-winning August Schell Brewing Company in New Ulm, Minnesota.
1828 The first edition of Noah Webster's dictionary is copyrighted.
1828 The cornerstone was laid for the Tremont House in Boston, Massachusetts. It would be the first U.S. hotel to install bathrooms. It opened on October 16, 1829.
1828 The word 'cupcake' is first found in 'Receipts' by E. Leslie.
1828 Jean-Joseph Close Died. The very first pâté de foie gras (goose liver paste) is said to have been created in Strasbourg in 1765 by a Norman chef named Jean-Joseph Close. (Although the technique for producing foie gras goes back as far as the ancient Egyptians)
1828 Dutch process cocoa (cocoa powder) is developed by C.J. Van Houten of the Netherlands.
1828 The first issue of the 'New York Farmer' was published.
1829 U.S. agricultural exports for the 1920s were about $42 million a year.
1829 Yuengling Brewery in Pennsylvania opened. It is the oldest brewery still operating in the U.S.
1829 Levi Strauss was born. Inventor and manufacturer of jeans. He originally planned to make canvas tents for miners in the California gold rush, but soon found that durable pants sold better.
1829 James Carrington of Connecticut patented a coffee mill.
1829 The Tremont Hotel opened in Boston. It was the first modern hotel in the U.S. Rooms were $2 per day with meals included. It was the first hotel with indoor plumbing, with toilets and rooms for baths in the basement.
1829 Jean-Baptiste-Pierre-Antoine de Monet, Chevalier de Lamarck died. A French naturalist, he believed in the inheritance of acquired traits. He was the first to draw an evolutionary diagram. Some of his ideas influenced Darwin.
1829 Sylvester Graham invented the Graham cracker.
1830 Frédéric Mistral was born (died 1914). French Nobel-prize winning writer. In 1891 he founded the journal 'L'Aioli' (aioli is a traditional Provençal garlic sauce). "Aioli epitomizes the heat, the power, and the joy of the Provençal sun, but it has another virtue — it drives away flies."
1830 The population of the U.S. is now 12,866,020. The frontier boundary is the Mississippi River.
1830 It takes about 300 hours of labor to produce 100 bushels of wheat (about 5 acres).
1830 Henderson William Brand starts his own business and begins manufacturing A1 Steak Sauce. He created it for England's King George IV, who had proclaimed it 'A1'
1830 The nursery rhyme 'Mary Had a Little Lamb' by Sarah Josepha Hale was first published. (see also April 30, 1879)
1830 The Baltimore & Ohio Railroad began rail service.
1830 The 'Best Friend of Charleston' became the first regularly scheduled steam locomotive passenger train in the United States. The locomotive made its initial run on the first six miles of track of the South Carolina Canal and Railroad Company.