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FOOD HISTORY TIMELINE

 TIMELINE: 50,000 B.C. to 1 B.C    1 AD to 1199    1200 to 1399    1400 to '99    1500 to '50    1551 to '99    1600 to '25    1626 to '50    1651 to '75    1676 to '99    1700 to '19    1720 to '39    1740 to '49    1750 to '59    1760 to '69    1770 to '79    1780 to '84    1785 to '89    1790 to '94    1795 to '99    1800 to '05    1806 to '10    1811 to '19    1820 to '24    1825 to '30    1831 to '35    1836 to '40    1841 to '45    1846 to '49    1850 to '54    1855 to '59    1860 to '64    1865 to '69    1870 to '74    1875 to '79    1880 to '84    1885 to '89    1890 to '94    1895 to '99    1900 to '05    1906 to '10    1911 to '15    1916 to '20    1921 to '25    1926 to '30    1931 to '35    1936 to '40    1941 to '45    1946 to '50    1951 to '55    1956 to '60    1961 to '65    1966 to '70    1971 to '75    1976 to '80    1981 to '85    1986 to '90    1991 to 1995    1996 to 2000    2001 to 2005    2006 to 2014


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Chef with red wine glass

FOOD HISTORY TIMELINE
1780 to 1784     -     Next

1780 The first mass-produced toothbrush was made by William Addis of Clerkenwald, England

1781 The settlement known as "El Pueblo de Nuestra Senora La Reina de Los Angeles de Porciuncula" (City of the Queen of the Angels) was founded. Now known simply as Los Angeles, California.

1781 John Turberville Needham died. He was an English naturalist, and one of those who believed in the spontaneous generation of life. He boiled some mutton broth, sealed it in glass containers and when he found living organisms present after a few days, he believed they came from nonliving matter. He was wrong - boiling does not destroy all bacterial and fungal spores.

1782 Andreas Sigismund Marggraf died. A German chemist who discovered beet sugar, which led to the development of the modern sugar industry.

1783 The first daily American newspaper was published in Philadelphia, 'The Pennsylvania Evening Post'

1783 The Montgolfier brothers successfully sent up some live animals in a hot air balloon, including a sheep and a roster.

1783 At Fraunces Tavern in New York City, General George Washington bids farewell to his officers.

1783 Frederic Tudor was born (died Feb 6, 1864). 'The Ice King' He created an export trade for block ice harvested from frozen ponds in New England during the winter.  The ice was shipped in insulated cargo holds to the Carribbean, India and Europe and stored in insulated warehouses.

1784 E. Kidner opened the first cooking school in Great Britain.

1784 Stephen McCormick was born. Inventor and manufacturer of cast iron plough with removable parts.

1784 Marie-Antoine Carême was born in Paris, France. Marie Antoine Carême was known as "the cook of kings and the king of cooks".  He is the founder and architect of French haute cuisine.  His story is one out of a Dickens novel.
He was one of 25 (?) children born to an impoverished family who put him out on the street at the age of about 10 to make his own way in the world.  Lucky for the world he knocked on the door of a restaurant for a job. He might have knocked on the door of a blacksmith!
 By the age of 21 he was chef de cuisine to Talleyrand. He also served as head chef to the future George IV of England, Emperor Alexander I of Russia, and Baron James de Rothschild.  He wrote several large books on cookery, with hundreds of recipes and menus, a history of French cooking, instructions for organizing kitchens, and directions for elaborate architectural constructions of food for display (pièces montées). Carême died at the age of 48.

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