FOOD HISTORY TIMELINE
1651 to 1675
1652 'Le Cuisinier francois' by La Varenne is published.
1654 Nicholas Culpeper was born (died 1654). English botanist and herbalist. He published the 'Complete Herbal' (1653) containing a comprehensive list of English medicinal herbs and their uses.
1654 A bridge in Rowley, Massachusetts begins charging a toll for animals. People pass for free.
1657 King Louis XIV of France prohibits the sale of liquor to Indians in New France (Canada).
1659 Jan van Riebeeck, the first governor of the Cape of Good Hope, South Africa, planted a vineyard in 1655. On February 2, 1659 he made the first wine from grapes grown at the Cape.
1659 The celebration of Christmas was banned in Boston (until 1681). The pilgrims believed it to be a decadent celebration.
1660 Asser Levy from Portugal, applied for a license to sell kosher meat. He was the first kosher butcher in New Amsterdam (New York).
1660 Isaack B. Fubine of The Hague received a patent for macaroni. (This fact is reported on many sites on the internet. No one has any further information listed, and I doubt its accuracy).
1662 John Tradescant died. He succeeded his father as naturalist and gardener to Charles I.
1665 Rudolph Jacob Camerarius was born. A German botanist, he showed the existence of sexes in plants, and identified the stamen and pistil as the male and female organs.
1666 The Great Fire of London began in the shop of the King's baker. After burning for four days, more than 13,000 buildings had been destroyed.
1670 At Cologne Cathedral, the choirmaster makes sugar sticks to give to the young singers in the choir, to keep them occupied during the Living Crèche ceremony. The first candy canes.
1670 King Charles II of England granted a permanent charter to the Hudson's Bay Company, which gave the company a trading monopoly and effective control over a vast region surrounding North America's Hudson Bay.
1671 The first auction of furs from Hudson Bay took place at Garroway's Coffee House in London, England.
1673 The White Horse Tavern in Rhode Island was built. It is the oldest operating tavern in the United States.
1674 Jethro Tull was born. He was an English agriculturalist and inventor whose ideas were instrumental in the development of modern English agriculture. One of his inventions was a horse drawn seed planting drill that sowed 3 even rows of seeds at once (1701).
1675 On December 23, 1675, Charles II of England, issued a proclamation suppressing Coffee Houses. The public response was so negative that he revoked it on January 8, 1676. (See Dec 23, 1675)