FOOD HISTORY TIMELINE
1841 to 1845
1841 Juliet Corson born. Cookery teacher and writer, founder of the New York Cooking School in 1876. She wrote many articles and several cookery books, including 'Cooking Manual' (1877), 'Twenty-five Cent Dinners for Families of Six' (1878) and 'Miss Corson's Practical American Cookery' (1886).
1841 Joseph Christoffel Hoagland was born. Co-founder of Royal Baking Powder Company in 1866 with his brother Cornelius Hoagland.
1841 James Harvey Logan was born (died July 16, 1928). American lawyer and horticulturist. He developed the Loganberry, a cross between a red raspberry and a wild blackberry.
1841 Orlando Jones of Middlesex, England received U.S. patent No. 2,000 for a process to make starch from rice or corn.
1841 Englishman Orlando Jones patented cornstarch.
1841 Edgar Allan Poe's 'The Murders in the Rue Morgue' was published, the first modern detective story. This has nothing to do with food, but I am an avid fan of both detective fiction and Poe.
1841 The first wagon train left Independence, Missouri for California in August.
1841 Nicolas Francois Appert died. Inventor of the canning process, preserving food by sealing it in sterilized containers. He published the results of 14 years of research in 1810 & received 12,000 franc award from French government.
1841 Thomas Cook hired a special excursion train between Leicester and Loughborough in England for a temperance meeting. The beginning of Thomas Cook & Son, the worldwide travel agency.
1841 The first wagon of settlers left Independence, Missouri for the trip to California.
1841 Johannes Eugenius Bulow Warming was born. A Danish botanist, he one of the founders of the science of plant ecology.
1841 Alabama becomes the first state to issue dental licenses.
1841 In Minnesota, the village of Pig's Eye was renamed St. Paul.
1841 Napoleon E. Guerin, of New York City, received a patent for a 'Life Preserver' filled with rasped or grated cork.
1842 Charles A. Pillsbury, flour magnate, was born in New Hampshire.
1842 Emil Chrstian Hansen was born. He was a Danish botanist who developed new methods to culture yeast. He revolutionized the beer industry, and proved that there are different species of yeast. He refused to patent the method, but instead made it available for free to other brewers.
1842 Carl Paul Gottfried Linde was born. A German engineer who invented mechanical refrigeration. He developed it so beer could be brewed year round. (Brewing requires low temperatures.)
1842 Sir James Dewar was born. He invented the 'Dewar Flask,' the original 'thermos bottle'.
1842 The first grain elevator was built in Buffalo, New York.
1842 Ellen Swallow Richards was born. She was one of the founders of the home economics movement in the U.S.
1842 or 1839 Adolphus Busch was born in either 1839 or 1842 near Mainz, Germany. He founded Annheuser Busch in 1866 with his father-in-law, Eberhard Anheuser. Annheuser Busch is the world's largest brewer.
1843 Charles Macintosh died. Scottish chemist and inventor of waterproof fabrics (rubberized cloth). The Mackintosh, or Macintosh raincoat was named fro him.
1843 Nancy M. Johnson of Philadelphia received the first U.S. patent (No. 3,254, antedated to July 29, 1843) for a hand cranked ice cream freezer.
1843 Samuel Morey died (born 1762). American inventor. His first patent, issued on January 26, 1793 (No. X51), was for a steam powered roasting spit, and was signed by George Washington.
1843 Napoleon E. Guerin of New York received the first U.S. patent for an egg incubator (U.S. patent No. 3,019). He also was the first to patent a life preserver.
1843 An alligator reportedly fell from the sky during a thunderstorm in Charleston, South Carolina on July 2. This certainly tops those reports of frogs and fishes raining down!
1843 Melville Reuben Bissell was born. Bissell invented the carpet sweeper in 1876.
1843 Ivan Pavlov was born. He was the first to notice that dogs began to salivate when they could see, smell or taste food.
1843 Stephen Moulton Babcock was born. He developed a test to measure the fat content of milk, which which helped improve the quality of commercial dairy production
1843 Charles Dickens' 'A Christmas Carol' was published. It contains numerous and elaborate descriptions of Christmas food and dinners.
1843 John Claudius Loudon died (born 1783). A Scottish botanist, garden designer and author. In 1826 he founded the 'Gardener's Magazine', the first magazine devoted solely to horticulture.
1844 Aaron Montgomery Ward was born (died 1913). Founder of Montgomery Ward & Co. to sell general merchandise by mail order.
1844 The last pair of Great Auks was killed near Iceland. They had been hunted to extinction for food and bait. Great Auks (Garefowl) were almost 3 feet tall, with short wings, similar to penguins. They were flightless, which made them vulnerable to hunters.
1844 Wilbur Olin Atwater was born. American agricultural chemist who layed the groundwork for the science of nutrition. In 1875 he established the first agricultural experimental station in the U.S. at Wesleyan College in Connecticut.
1844 Mary Johnson Bailey Lincoln was born. She was the author of the original Boston Cooking School Cook Book, before Fanny Farmer took it over.
1844 Henry John Heinz was born. Founder of the H.J. Heinz company and creator of its slogan '57 varieties.'
1844 Charles Goodyear was granted Patent No. 3633 for vulcanization, a rubber curing process which converts natural rubber into a more durable material.
1844 Nitrous oxide used in first successful surgical operation under anaesthetic. In Harford, Connecticut Dr. John M. Riggs extracted a tooth from fellow dentist Dr. Horace Wells.
1844 John Henry Patterson was born (died 1922). Founder of National Cash Register Company.
1845 William H. Fruen was born (died 1917). Patented the first U.S. patent for a liquid dispensing vending machine. (see Dec 16, 1884)
1845 Rufus Porter, published the first issue of Scientific American. Ten months later he sold the magazine for $800. Porter held over 100 patents, including a fire alarm, signal telegraph, fog whistle, and a washing machine.
1845 Willard Legrand Bundy was born (died 1907). Received the first U.S. patent for a time recording clock (patent no. 393,205).
1845 Erastus B. Bigelow patented a new loom to manufacture gingham cloth. Until then all gingham was hand made. The classic red and white checked restaurant tablecloth is and example of gingham cloth.
1845 Florida becomes the 27th state.
1845 Henry Jones, a baker in Bristol, England received a patent for 'self-raising flour' - flour pre-mixed with baking powder and salt. He also received a U.S. patent on May 1, 1849.
1845 Peter Cooper of New York City received a patent for an improved method to make gelatine.
1845 John Chapman, Johnny Appleseed died. (Date is variously given as March 10, 11 or 18) An American pioneer and legend, he planted apple seeds in the Ohio River valley area (Ohio, Indiana, Illinois)
1845 Stephen Perry and and Thomas Barnabas Daft patented a method for manufacturing rubber bands using vulcanized rubber.
1845 William James Farrer was born. An Australian agriculturist, he developed several new cultivars of wheat.
1845 Carl Gustaf Patrik de Laval was born. A Swedish scientist and inventor. Among his inventions was the centrifugal cream separator and a vacuum milking machine.
1845 Hatch's sowing machine for wheat, oats and other grasses was first demonstrated.
1845 Henry David Thoreau begins his 2 year experiment with simple living at Waldon Pond.
1845 Eliza Acton's 'Modern Cookery for Private Families' is published in London.
1845 Charles Grey, 2nd Earl died. Charles Grey, 2nd Earl (also Baron Grey and Viscount Howick) was given the recipe for Earl Grey Tea by a Chinese mandarin with whom he was friends (and/or whose life either he or another British diplomat saved).
1845 Peter Cooper, inventor and founder of the Cooper Union for the Advancement of Science and Art, obtained the first American patent for the manufacture of gelatin. In 1895, cough syrup manufacturer Pearl B. Wait purchased the patent and developed a packaged gelatin dessert. Wait's wife, May David Wait named it "Jell-O."