FOOD HISTORY TIMELINE
1880 to 1884
1880 The first successful shipment of frozen mutton made it to London from Australia, aboard the SS Strathleven.
1880 One farmer out of every four was a tenant farmer. Of gainfully employed persons, 49 percent were engaged in agriculture.
1880 Duncan Hines was born on March 26 (died March 15, 1959). A travelling salesman, he published a list of his favorite restaurants and dishes 'Adventures in Good Eating' in 1935. The book was a big hit and in 1938 he wrote 'Lodging for a Night.' He also wrote a newspaper column and became a favorite American restaurant and lodging critic. In the 1950s he licensed the Duncan Hines name for ice cream, cake mixes and other products.
1880 In June at the 1st International Miller's Exhibition in Cincinnati, Ohio, Washburn Crosby Co. of Minnesota (forerunner of General Mills) won 3 top medals for their flour, including the 'Gold Medal' for Superlative Flour. They adopted 'Gold Medal' as the name of their best flour.
1880 The population of the U.S. is now 50,189,209. Farmers are 49% of the labor force. There are about 4,009,000 farms, averaging about 134 acres.
1880 There are more than 160,000 miles of railroad in the U.S.
1880 A patent was issued for a glass milk bottle was issued to Warren Glass Works.
1880 Commander's Palace Restaurant opened in New Orleans.
1880 Alexander P. Ashbourne, an African American grocery store owner in California, patented a method for refining coconut oil.
1880 Sir John Boyd Orr was born. A Scottish scientist and nutrition expert, he won the Nobel Peace Prize for his work to eliminate world hunger.
1880 Lydia Maria Francis Child died. An American abolitionist and author of novels and children's books. She also wrote books of advice for women including 'The Frugal Housewife' (1829).
1880 E.W. 'Billy Ingram was born. Ingram was cofounder, with Walter A. Anderson, of the White Castle hamburger chain.
1880 The wholesale price of Lobster was 10 cents per pound.
1880 Thomas Edison was granted patent Patent No. 223,898 for electric lamps giving light by incandescence (patent application filed Nov 4, 1879).
1880 In New York City, Charles F. Brush lighted up Broadway with his arc lights, giving the street its nickname, 'The Great White Way.'
1880 John Stevens of Neenah, Wisconsin was issued U.S. patent No. 225,770 for a grain-crushing mill (flour-rolling mill) which could increase flour production by up to 70 percent.
1880 The American Canoe Association was founded on the shores of Lake George in New York.
1880 Hippolyte Mege Mouries died (born Oct 24, 1817). A French scientist, he invented margarine (French patent No. 86489) and also received patents for canned meat, sugar extraction and others.
1881 Kansas became the first state to prohibit all alcoholic beverages.
1881 Congress passes a new Trademark Act, targeting trademarks used in interstate commerce.
1881 The United States National Lawn Tennis Association was founded in New York City.
1881 Clarence Saunders was born (died 953). Founder of Piggly Wiggly grocery store chain in Memphis, Tennessee, the first true self-service grocery store (see also Sept 6, 1916).
1881 Alexander Fleming was born (died March 11, 1955). Scottish bacteriologist who discovered penicillin in 1928 while working at St. Mary's Hospital in London.
1881 Anna Pavlova was born. Birth of Russian ballerina Anna Pavlova. A famous dessert of Australian or New Zealand origin was named for her. It is a meringue with whipped cream and fruit.
1881 Clara Barton founded The American Red Cross in Washington D.C.
1881 James Harvey Logan of Santa Cruz, California developed the Loganberry, a cross between a red raspberry and a wild blackberry.
1881 Russian ballerina Anna Pavlova was born. A famous dessert of Australian or New Zealand origin was named for her.
1881 Edwing Houston and Elihu Thomson patented a centrifugal separator, which could be used in separating milk.
1881 The Ice Cream Sundae was invented. Edward Berner of Two Rivers, Wisconsin, supposedly invented the Ice Cream Sundae, when he served a customer ice cream topped chocolate syrup (used to flavor ice cream sodas). It was a Sunday, and flavored soda water was not served on Sundays to respectable people.
1881 Lorenzo Delmonico, famed restaurateur died. Born 1813 in Marengo, Switzerland. In 1851 he joined his uncles in their catering and pastry shop in New York. He transformed the business into one of the most famous restaurants in the country.
1881 Dr. Satori Kato of Japan introduced the first instant coffee at the Pan American World Fair.
1882 Edward H. Johnson, vice-president of Thomas Edison's electric company, created the first electric Christmas tree lights. He displayed the walnut-sized bulbs on a large Christmas tree at his home in New York.
1882 Bela Lugosi (Béla Ferenc Dezso Blaskó) was born. Best known for his role as the blood drinking vampire in the 1931 film 'Dracula'
1882 Cadwallader C. Washburn died on May 15 (born April 22, 1818). In 1866 he built a flour mill at St. Anthony Falls, Minnesota and his Washburn-Crosby Co. (forerunner of General Mills) would market Gold Medal flour.
1882 Sir Henry Cole died (born 1808) British civil servant and inventor. He is credited with creating the idea of sending greeting cards at Christmas time in 1843.
1882 During March and April an estimated 1.5 billion dead tilefish were discovered north of Delaware Bay. It is believed that the destruction was caused a storm which brought abnormally cold water to its Gulf stream habitat.
1882 Alan Alexander Milne was born. Creator of Winnie the Pooh, the honey loving bear.
1882 The first shipment of frozen meat left Port Chalmers, New Zealand for Britain aboard the SS Dunedin of the Albion Line.
1882 Charles Darwin Died. Pioneering English naturalist who developed the theory of evolution. His works include 'Origin of Species' and 'The Descent of Man.'
1882 Henry Seely of New York City received the first American patent for an electric iron.
1882 Felix Frankfurter, U. S. Supreme Court justice, was born.
1882 Swiss flour manufacturer Julius Maggi begins commercial production of the first bouillon cubes. He developed them so the poor had a cheap method for making nutritious soup.
1882 Modern cream separator invented.
1882 The first Labor Day holiday was organized in New York City by the Central Labor Union with a parade followed by a massive picnic at Wendel's Elm Park at 92nd St and 9th Ave (the largest park in the city at the time) with numerous speakers. More then 10,000 workers marched in the parade.
1882 Eugene and Victor Villaume opened a box-making business in St. Paul, Minnesota. Villaume Brothers received their first order from Hamm's brewery.
1882 The Jergens Soap Company was founded in Cincinnati, Ohio to manufacture coconut oil soap for use in hard water.
1882 James Porteous patented a 'dirt scraper,' a horse powered scraper "which scrapes the dirt and carries it before it to any required place...."
1883 A. Ashwell, of West Dulwich, UK, received a patent for the "vacant/engaged" door bolt for lavatory doors.
1883 Charles Gulden of New York received U.S. patent # 271,237 for a 'Cap for Mustard Bottles'
1883 At 12:53 p.m. on August 26, the volcanic island of Mount Krakatoa in Indonesia (Dutch Indies) began a series of cataclysmic eruptions that ended with a huge eruption on August 27. It was one of the most violent volcanic events in recorded history. Krakatoa's largest explosive eruptions were heard up to 3,000 miles away.
1883 Roselle, New Jersey becomes the first town in the world to be lit up with Edison's incandescent light bulbs. The overhead wires powered 150 street lights, the railway station and about 40 houses.
1883 Walter D. Teague was born on Dec 18 (died Dec 5, 1960). A pioneering industrial designer, he designed Steuben glassware, cameras for Kodak and Polaroid and Texaco gas stations.
1883 First national gathering of cattlemen called by U.S. Commissioner of Agriculture, George Loring. A permanent organization, The National Cattle Growers Association, is established at a second meeting in 1884.
1883 Oscar F. Mayer & Bros. was established.
1883 North American railroads switched to a new Standard Railway Time (SRT), resulting in the creation of four standard time zones adopted were Eastern Standard Time, Central Daylight Time, Mountain Standard Time, and Pacific Daylight Time.
1883 Archibald Gowanlock Huntsman was born. Canadian oceanographer and fisheries biologist. Best known for research on Atlantic salmon. He also invented methods for quick freezing fish fillets.
1883 The 'Ladies’ Home Journal and Practical Housekeeper' began publication.
1883 Garnet Carter was born. He invented miniature golf in 1926.
1883 Peter Cooper died. American inventor and founder of the 'Cooper Union for the Advancement of Science and Art.' He also obtained the first American patent for the manufacture of gelatin. In 1895, a cough syrup manufacturer, Pearl B. Wait purchased the patent and developed a packaged gelatin dessert. Wait's wife, May David Wait named it Jell-O.
1883 Alfred Packer was convicted of cannibalism in Colorado. (Actually he was convicted of murder, since cannibalism was not against the law). He was sentenced to death, but was retried in 1886 and sentenced to 40 years. He was paroled in 1901, and died in 1907.
1883 The Brooklyn Bridge between Brooklyn and Manhattan was opened. It took 14 years to build at a cost of $18 million, and was the longest suspension bridge in the world at the time.
1883 Gabriel Gustav Valentin died. This German-Swiss physiologist was the first to discover the digestive activity of pancreatic juice.
1883 Horlick's developed the process to dehydrate milk, and patented it in 1883, calling it Malted Milk. Horlick's originally produced a food for babies and invalid's, that could be shipped without spoiling.
1883 The quagga, a zebra-like mammal of southern Africa became extinct when the last mare at Amsterdam Zoo died. They had been hunted to extinction.
1883 Elmer Maytag was born. Founder of the Maytag Co., washing machine manufacturer. One of his descendants was Fred Maytag II, whose Maytag Dairy Farms manufactures Maytag Blue Cheese.
1883 The Orient Express made its first run from Paris to Constantinople
1883 Laurence M. Klauber was born. Klauber was an American herpetologist and inventor who was a rattlesnake expert. If you want to know anything or everything about rattlesnakes, see his book ‘Rattlesnakes: Their Habits, Life Histories and Influence on Mankind.’
1884 Michael Thomas Bass, Jr. died (born July 6, 1799). Grandson of Bass Brewery founder, William Bass. He took control of the company in 1827, and by 1881 Bass was the largest brewery in the world.
1884 Lewis E. Waterman from Brooklyn, New York, received patent for a 'Fountain-Pen'
1884 Standard time is established in the United States.
1884 U.S. President Chester A. Arthur signed a bill creating the Bureau of Labor to collect information on the subject of working people and the "means of promoting their material, social, intellectual, and moral prosperity"
1884 Ball Brothers Glass Mfg Co began producing fruit jars.
1884 Gregor Johann Mendel Died. Mendel was an Austrian botanist whose work was the foundation of the science of genetics. Working mainly with garden peas (some 28,000 plants over 7 years), he discovered what was to become known as the laws of heredity.
1884 Willis Johnson of Cincinnati, Ohio received U.S. patent No. 292,821 for an 'Egg Beater'.
1884 Casimir Funk was born. Funk was a Polish-American biochemist who came up with the word 'vitamine' later changed to 'vitamin.'
1884 Adolphe Duglere died. A pupil of Careme, head chef of the Rothschild family, and head chef of the famous 19th century Paris restaurant, the Cafe Anglais.
1884 Cyrus Hall McCormick died. He is generally credited with the development of the mechanical reaper.
1884 L. Blue patented a hand corn sheller.
1884 Dr. John Harvey Kellogg applied for a patent for 'flaked cereal' (corn flakes). It was his brother Will Kieth Kellogg who became rich & famous by marketing the new cereal commercially.
1884 John Mayenberg, of St. Louis, Missouri, patented evaporated milk
1884 Percy Everitt patented a coin operated scale.
1884 William H. Fruen of Minneapolis, Minnesota was granted a U.S patent for the first coin-operated, automatic, vending machine to dispense liquids. (U.S. patent #309,219)
1884 John Simpson Chisum died. An American cattle rancher, in 1867 he blazed the Chisum Trial from Paris, Texas to New Mexico. He developed the largest cattle herd in the United States.
1884 Rufus Porter died (born 1 May 1792). American editor and inventor. On August 28, 1845 he put out the first issue of Scientific American, but sold the magazine after 10 months. He held over 100 patents, including a fire alarm, signal telegraph, fog whistle, and a washing machine.
1884 Greenwich Mean Time (GMT) was universally adopted at the International Meridian Conference in Washington, DC, and the International Date Line was drawn up with 24 time zones created.
1884 Nestle registered "Nestle" trademark (condensed milk).