NOVEMBER 24 - Today in Food History
• National Sardine Day
• THANKSGIVING DAY (2016). The first national Thanksgiving Day, proclaimed by President George Washington, was celebrated on Nov. 26, 1789, the LAST Thursday of the month.
In 1863, President Abraham Lincoln made Thanksgiving an Official Annual Holiday to be commemorated on the LAST Thursday in November.
In 1939 President Franklin D. Roosevelt changed Thanksgiving from the LAST Thursday in November to the THIRD Thursday (the last Thursday, usually the 4th but occasionally a 5th Thursday, was thought to be too close to Christmas holidays).
Three years later, in December 1941, a joint session of Congress changed it to the FOURTH Thursday in November (in part because not all states complied with Roosevelt's choice).
• National Family Week (Nov 20-26, 2016) The Alliance for Children and Families and its member organizations have promoted National Family Week for more than 40 years. National Family Week is an annual celebration observed during the week of Thanksgiving, designed to build community connections and honor those who strengthen families.
On this day in:
1762 The first written record of the word 'sandwich'. Edward Gibbons Journal, 11/24/1762: 'I dined at the Cocoa Tree....That respectable body affords every evening a sight truly English. Twenty or thirty of the first men in the kingdom....supping at little tables....upon a bit of cold meat, or a Sandwich.'
1859 Charles Darwin’s 'The Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection' was published in England.
1864 Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec was born. French artist who documented Parisian night life in the 1890s with his insightful posters.
1874 U.S. Patent #157,124 issued to Joseph F. Glidden for barbed wire (patent application filed Oct 27, 1873). The beginning of the end of cowboys and the open range. (see also Jan 18, 1813) Barbed Wire Trivia
1904 Benjamin Holt invented the first successful track-type or crawler tractor (caterpillar tractor).
1916 Sir Hiram Maxim died. An American born inventor. Among his hundreds of inventions were a hair curling iron, a mousetrap, an automatic sprinkling system, gas motors, and a machine gun.
1948 Anna Jarvis died (born May 1, 1864). Successfully campaigned from 1908 to 1914 to have Mother's Day recognized as national holiday.
(See also May 8).
1981 The Metric Commission of Canada orders scales across Canada changed to metric by January, 1982; advertising allowed only in metric after December 31, 1983.
1998 Nicholas Kurti died (born May 14, 1908). Hungarian born British physicist whose hobby was cooking. He advocated applying scientific knowledge to the kitchen and coined the term 'molecular gastronomy'
2005 The M&M's balloon in the Macy's Thanksgiving Day Parade hit a light pole, knocking the light to the street and injuring 2 spectators.
2004 The movie 'Christmas with the Kranks' opened in U.S. theatres.
2005 New licensing laws became effective at midnight in England and Wales and more than 1,000 pubs, clubs and supermarkets have been granted 24-hour licences to sell alcohol.