DECEMBER 27 - Today in Food History
• National Fruitcake Day
• Feast of John the Apostle, patron of authors, publishers and editors.
• Kwanzaa (December 26 to January 1) A celebration of family, community and culture.
On this day in:
1741 Jean Etienne Bore was born. The inventor of the sugar granulating process (1794 or 1795), founder of the sugar industry in Louisiana.
1822 Louis Pasteur was born. A French scientist, he showed that microorganisms were responsible for disease, food spoilage and fermentation. He developed the process for killing these organisms by heat, called Pasteurization. He also developed vaccines for anthrax, cholera and rabies.
1831 Charles Darwin sets off aboard the HMS Beagle, on his historic 5 year voyage of scientific discovery.
1834 English author and poet Charles Lamb died.
1867 Sir William Cecil Dampier was born (died Dec 11, 1952). British scientist, he developed a method to extract lactose (milk sugar) from whey.
1896 Louis Bromfield was born (died March 18, 1956). American conservationist and author. 'The Green Bay Tree' (1924), 'Early Autumn' (1926), 'The Farm' (1933), 'The Rains Came' (1937). Studied agriculture at Cornell University and Journalism at Columbia. His Malabar Farm in Ohio is now a state park. Elected to the Ohio Agricultural Hall of Fame. His innovative work continues to influence agricultural methodologies around the world.
1900 Carry Nation brought her campaign against alcohol to Wichita, Kansas, when she smashed the bar at the elegant Carey Hotel.
1906 Benjamin Eisenstadt was born (died April 8, 1996). He invented the artificial sweetener, 'Sweet 'n Low (granulated saccharin and dextrose).
1923 Michael Joseph Owens died (born Jan 1, 1859). Invented a revolutionary automatic glass bottle making machine. Founded Owens Bottle Machine Co.
(see also: Feb 26, 1895).
1947 The children's TV show 'Howdy Doody' debuts on NBC.
1952 'I Saw Mommy Kissing Santa Claus' by Jimmy Boyd was number 1 on the music charts.
1960 Ray Charles recorded 'One Mint Julep.'
1968 Victor Shelford died. An American zoologist and ecologist, he was one of the first to treat ecology as a separate science. He was active and influential in several ecological organizations, including the Nature Conservancy formed in 1951.