FOOD HISTORY TIMELINE
1785 to 1789
1785 Sir William Jackson Hooker was born (died Aug 12, 1865). English botanist, he established the Royal Botanical Institution of Glasgow, and in 1841 he became the first director of the Royal Botanic Gardens at Kew, near London. He expanded the gardens from 11 to 300 acres, and established Kew as a national botanic garden.
1785 Florens-Louis Heidsieck established wine making business in Reims, France. Renamed Piper-Heidsieck in 1928.
1785 Oliver Evans of Newport, Delaware invented the automatic flour-milling machinery that revolutionized the industry.
1785 William Prout was born. An English chemist, he was the first to classify food components into 3 main divisions - carbohydrates, fats and proteins.
1785 The Philadelphia Society for Promoting Agriculture is founded. It is the oldest active agricultural organization in the U.S.
1785 John James Audubon was born. Ornithologist, naturalist and artist, known mainly for his paintings and sketches of North American birds.
1785 The beer-pump handle was patented by Joseph Bramah.
1785 The first jacks (male donkey) arrived in the U.S. from Spain.
1785 Philadelphia Society for the Promotion of Agriculture was founded.
1786 Davy Crockett was born (killed at the Alamo, 1836). Legendary American folk hero, frontiersman, soldier and politician - 'King of the Wild Frontier'
1786 Thomas Nuttall was born. English naturalist and botanist. He also collected and studied plants in the United States, especially around the Chesapeake Bay area.
1786 In New York City, the first advertisement for commercially made ice cream is published in the 'Post Boy.' The ice cream was for sale at City Tavern.
1787 William Bass died (born 1717). English brewer, founder of Bass Brewery in 1777 in Burton-on-Trent.
1787 ‘Botanical Magazine’ was first published in London, edited by William Curtis.
1787 New Jersey is the third state to ratify the U.S. Constitution. (New Jersey Trivia & Facts)
1787 Delaware was the first state to ratify the U.S. Constitution.
1788 New York ratified the Constitution and became the 11th of the original 13 colonies to join together as the United States of America.
1788 Georgia 'The Peach State' is the 4th state to ratify the U.S. Constitution. (Georgia Trivia & Facts)
1788 Connecticut ratified the U.S. Constitution, becoming the fifth state. (Connecticut Trivia & Facts)
1788 The first English settlers arrive at Botany Bay on Australia's south-eastern coast (Sydney, New South Wales) to establish a penal colony.
1788 Massachusetts became the 6th state to ratify the U.S. constitution.
1788 South Carolina became the eighth state to ratify the U.S. Constitution.
1788 New Hampshire became the ninth state.
1788 The Commonwealth of Virginia ratified the Constitution and became the 10th state of the United States of America.
1788 Australia Day. In 1788 Captain Arthur Phillip took formal possession of the colony of New South Wales and became its first Governor.
1788 Sarah Josepha Hale was born (died 1879). Author, editor (Ladies' Magazine, Godey's Lady's Book). She was influential in having Thanksgiving declared a national holiday. Author of the poem 'Mary Had a Little Lamb'; Hale also founded the Seaman's Aid Society in 1833.
1788 The state of Georgia issued Isaac Briggs and William Longstreet a patent for a steam engine.
1789 President George Washington signed a proclamation declaring "Thursday the 26th day of November" as the first national Thanksgiving Day under the Constitution.
1789 Nine out of ten Americans are engaged in farming and food production.
1789 Scottish millwright Andrew Meikle received a patent for the first successful drum threshing machine.
1789 Montreal fixes the price and size of bread: "the white loaf of 4lbs. at 13d., or 30 sous", etc., and tells bakers they must also "mark their bread with a mark."
1789 Samuel Osgood was appointed as the first Postmaster General under the Constitution.
1789 The New Jersey legislature passed an act fining anyone who picked cranberries before October 10.
1789 The most famous mutiny in history took place on the English ship, 'Bounty', against Captain William Bligh. The ship was sailing to Tahiti to bring back breadfruit trees.
1789 Anders Dahl died. A renowned Swedish botanist, the Dahlia flower was named for him.
1789 Mrs. Alexander Hamilton served a new dessert treat for General George Washington. The highlight of the dinner party was ice cream! And all this time you thought that Dolley Madison was responsible.
1789 Elijah Craig distilled the first bourbon whiskey from corn, in Bourbon County, Kentucky.
1789 Thomas Jefferson brought a pasta making machine back with him when he returned to America after serving as ambassador to France.
1789 Dr. Pierre Ordinaire creates an 'absinthe elixir' in Switzerland. The formula is acquired in 1797 by Major Dubied and his son-in-law Henri-Louis Pernod.
1789 The first U.S. presidential election is held.
1789 Alexander Hamilton was appointed as the first U.S. Secretary of the Treasury.