FOOD HISTORY TIMELINE
1941 to 1945
1941 Roy J. Plunkett received U.S. patent No. 2,230,654 for Teflon ("a new composition of matter which is highly resistant to corrosive influences and to oxidation, and which can be molded and spun and put to a wide variety of uses where its peculiar properties would be advantageous."). He had discovered it by accident in 1938.
1941 Coca Cola Company first used the "Coke" trademark.
1941 'Duffy’s Tavern' debuted on CBS radio.
1941 Jane Ellen Brody was born. New York Times 'Personal Health' columnist and author of numerous books on health and nutrition, including 'Jane Brody’s Nutrition Book' and 'Jane Brody’s Good Food Book'.
1941 Canada's official population is 11,506,655.
1941 'White Christmas' written by Irving Berlin was performed for the first time by Bing Crosby on his weekly radio program, Kraft Music Hall.
1941 M&M's Plain Chocolate Candies are introduced.
1941 At the 13th Academy Awards, 'The Grapes of Wrath' won awards for Best Director (John Ford) and Best Supporting Actress (Jane Darwell as Ma Joad). Based on John Steinbeck's Pulitzer Prize winning novel of the same name dealing with the Great Depression, tenant farmers, migrant workers, the dust bowl and California.
1941 The first issue of Gourmet magazine was published. (The last issue will be published in November, 2009)
1941 American author Sherwood Anderson supposedly swallowed a toothpick or a swizzle stick while at a cocktail party in the Panama Canal Zone, and died of peritonitis.
1941 'All That Meat And No Potatoes' was recorded by jazz musician Fats Waller.
1941 The original Elsie the Cow died. Elsie the cow was originally a cartoon character appearing in ads for Borden Milk. At the 1939 New York World's Fair, when people began asking where Elsie was, Borden's picked a cow originally named 'You'll do Lobelia' from their herd to be Elsie. Elsie stared in commercials, made personal appearances, and even starred in an RKO movie, 'Little Men.' Elsie was injured in a truck accident in 1941 and had to be put to sleep. She is buried in Plainsboro, New Jersey.
1941 Robert Allen Zimmerman was born. (He legally changed his name to Bob Dylan in 1962).
1941 Musician 'Jelly Roll' Morton died.
1941 Martha Stewart was born. Entertaining advisor, cookbook author, etc.
1941 Paul Sabatier died. Organic chemist who researched catalytic organic synthesis. The margarine, oil hydrogenation and methanol industries grew out of his research.
1941 Mama Cass Elliot (The Mamas and the Papas) was born. The rumor that she choked to death on a ham sandwich in 1974 is not true. She actually died of a heart attack.
1941 Carmen Miranda recorded 'The Man with the Lollipop Song.'
1941 'King Biscuit Time' radio show was first broadcast from Helena, Arkansas. It is the longest running daily radio program in history, broadcasting live blues music, interviews, etc. It is named for its sponsor, King Biscuit Flour. The King Biscuit Flour Hour rock and roll radio program took its name from 'King Biscuit Time' (1973).
1941 First simple daily nutrition guide published.
1941 Maytag Dairy Farms began producing its world famous Maytag Blue Cheese after Fred Maytag II heard about the process for making Blue Cheese developed by Iowa State Univ.
1941 Garbage disposals introduced.
1941 Beltsville small white turkey developed; ancestor of today's commercial turkeys.
1941 War time price controls go into effect on beef. A widespread black market emerges.
1941 General Mills introduced 'Cheerioats' breakfast cereal (renamed to 'Cherrios' in 1945). 'Cheerioats' sponsored the 'Lone Ranger' radio program beginning in 1941.
1941 Chubby Checker (Ernest Evans) was born.
1941 'Fry Me Cookie, with a Can of Lard' was recorded by the Will Bradley Orchestra.
1941 The Food and Nutrition Board of the National Academy of Sciences released the first Recommended Dietary Allowances (RDA), listing specific recommended intakes for calories and nine essential nutrients - protein, iron, calcium, vitamins A and D, thiamin, riboflavin, niacin, and ascorbic acid (vitamin C).
1941 'Moonlight Cocktail' was recorded by the Glenn Miller Orchestra.
1942 The National War Labor Board (NWLB) is created to forestall labor-management conflicts during World War II.
1942 The manufacture of civilian vehicles in the U.S. was halted due to WW II.
1942 The 14th Academy Awards were held at the Biltmore Hotel in Los Angeles, California. 'How Green Was My Valley' directed by John Ford won Best Picture.
1942 The Stage Door Canteen opened in New York in the basement of the 44th Street Theater. It offered servicemen free nights of dancing, entertainment, food and nonalcoholic drinks, and even opportunities to rub shoulders with celebrities.
1942 World War II Gasoline rationing began in eastern U.S. states. Nationwide gas rationing began in December.
1942 Bing Crosby recorded Irving Berlin's 'White Christmas' for Decca Records.
1942 During WWII the element Nickel was highly valued for use in armor plating. Effective today Nickel was was removed from the 5-cent piece (the nickel). The U.S. Mint used a special wartime alloy instead - copper (56%), silver (35%), and manganese (9%), through the end of 1945.
1942 Fire destroyed the Cocoanut Grove nightclub in Boston, Massachusetts killing nearly 500 people.
1942 Wartime coffee rationing began in the U.S.
1942 Dannon yogurt is introduced in New York.
1942 Kellogg's Raisin Bran is introduced.
1942 To deal with the financial pressures of World War II, President Franklin D. Roosevelt's issued an Executive Order establishing the Office of Economic Stabilization, authorizing control of wages, salaries, profits, rents, and prices of agricultural commodities.
1942 Chemical structure of DDT discovered; military began to use chemical to protect against typhus.
1942 Corn dogs are invented by Neil Fletcher for the Texas State Fair.
1942 Country Joe McDonald of 'Country Joe and the Fish' was born.
1942 Bob Mosley of the music group 'Moby Grape' was born.
1942 Chris Hillman of the music group 'Flying Burrito Brothers' was born.
1942 Effective huller developed for harvesting castor beans.
1942 Clinton Hart Merriam died. A biologist, he studied the effects of using birds to control agricultural pests. He also helped found the National Geographic Society, and what is now known as the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.
1942 Harry Chapin was born (died July 16, 1981). American singer-songwriter ('Taxi,' 'Cat's in the Cradle,' etc.). A dedicated humanitarian, a co-founder of the organization World Hunger Year in 1975 and influential in President Jimmy Carter's establishment of the Presidential Commission on World Hunger in 1977. Chapin was posthumously awarded the Congressional Gold Medal in 1987 for his humanitarian work.
1942 Every-other-day milk delivery started (initially as a war conservation measure).
1942 War time food rationing began in the U.S.
1942 Leon Daudet died. French journalist and novelist, well known gastronome of his time.
1942 Oskar Bolza died. German mathematician noted for his work on the reduction of hyperelliptic to elliptic integrals. Huh?
1942 Casablanca, the movie, premiers in New York City on Thanksgiving Day
1942 Coffee rationing began in the U.S.
1942 The U.S. military began using K-Rations, developed by Ancel Keys of the University of Minnesota.
1942 'Moonlight Cocktail' by Glenn Miller and 'Tangerine' by Jimmy Dorsey were number one hits.
1943 Due to wartime meat shortages, the U.S. Office of Price Administration announced that frankfurters would be replaced by 'Victory Sausages' made of meat and soybean meal or other substitute.
1943 Tin Can Drive Day for scrap metal.
1943 Harry and David Holmes (Bear Creek Orchards) registered "Harry and David" trademark (fresh fruits).
1943 World War II Gasoline rationing begins in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada (10 gallons per month).
1943 Xavier Marcel Boulestin died (born 1878). French chef, restaurateur, cookbook author. He was also the first TV chef, appearing on the BBC in 1937-1939 in 'Cook's Night Out'.
1943 Henry Parsons Crowell died (born 1855). Founder of Quaker Oats Company in 1901.
1943 'Chef Tell' (Friedman Paul Erhardt) was born (died 2007). A European trained chef, one of the earliest celebrity TV chefs. He made appearances on Saturday Night Live, numerous talk shows, the PBS show 'In the Kitchen With Chef Tell' and was the inspiration for the Muppet's 'Swedish Chef.' He was also a restaurant owner, cookbook author and culinary educator.
1943 Irving Berlin won an Academy Award for Best Original Song for 'White Christmas' written for the film 'Holiday Inn'
1943 Meat and Cheese rationing began in the United States due to World War II shortages.
1943 Alan Wilson of the music group 'Canned Heat' was born.
1943 Jack Bruce of the music group 'Cream' was born.
1943 Honey Lantree of the music group 'Honeycombs' was born.
1943 Mick Abrahams of the music group 'Jethro Tull' was born.
1943 Jerry Martini of the music group 'Sly & The Family Stone' was born.
1943 Barbara Ann Hawkins of the vocal group 'The Dixie Cups' was born.
1943 George Washington Carver died. African American agricultural scientist and innovator. He developed hundreds of uses for peanuts, soybeans and sweet potatoes. He founded the George Washington Carver Research Foundation at Tuskegee, for agricultural research.
1943 Developed method for cleaning Navy airplane engines by blasting them with ground corn cobs.
1943 Pre-sliced bread was banned in the U.S. for the duration of World War II, to conserve metal from spare parts that might be needed.
1943 Palatable dehydrated eggs developed.
1943 Laslo Biro patented the ball point pen.
1943 General Eisenhower requested Coca-Cola provide 10 portable bottling plants for US troops overseas.
1943 Sgt. Edward Dzuba received the Legion of Merit award because of his talent to use food scraps in unusual and appetizing recipes.
1943 Research to create fruit essences began; led to development of concentrated frozen apple and grape juices.
1943 John Harvey Kellogg died. Physician, vegetarian and health food pioneer. He was superintendent of the Battle Creek Sanitarium, where he developed the first breakfast cereals for his patients, Granose (granola) and toasted flakes. His brother, William K. Kellogg founded the Battle Creek Toasted Corn Flake Co. to produce cornflakes.
1943 Shoe rationing began in the U.S., limiting purchases to 3 pairs of leather shoes per year.
1943 Keith Floyd was born. British celebrity chef, restaurateur, cookbook author and cooking show host.
1943 Beatrix Potter died. English author of children's books, her first and most famous story is 'The Tale of Peter Rabbit,' originally written as an illustrated letter to a sick child.
1943 Dr. Alexander P. Anderson Died. He developed Puffed Rice in NYC in 1902, which was introduced to the world at the St. Louis World's Fair in 1904.
1943 ‘Edible Wild Plants of Eastern North America’ was published. Alfred Charles Kinsey is famous for the two books his Institute for Sex Research published, Sexual Behavior in the Human Male (1948) and Sexual Behavior of the Human Female (1953). He also wrote Edible Wild Plants of Eastern North America (1943).
1944 The U.S. government relinquished control of the nation's railroads after settling a wage dispute.
1944 Pulitzer Prize winning play 'Harvey' by Mary Chase, opened on Broadway. About Elwood P. Dowd and his friend, a 6 foot rabbit (‘pooka’) others cannot see
1944 Gladys Knight was born. (Gladys Knight & the Pips) A 'Pip' is the small seed of a fruit, like those in an apple.
1944 Musician Eddie Rabbitt was born.
1944 Eric Bloom of the music group 'Blue Oyster Cult' was born.
1944 Henry Vestine of the music group 'Canned Heat' was born.
1944 Rosa Lee Hawkins of the vocal group 'Dixie Cups' was born.
1944 Michael Clark of the music group 'Flying Burrito Brothers' was born.
1944 Rob Grill of the music group 'Grassroots' was born.
1944 Jack Casady of the music group 'Hot Tuna' was born.
1944 John Sebastian of the music group 'Loving Spoonful' was born.
1944 Skip Spence and Don Stevenson of the music group 'Moby Grape' were born.
1944 Edgar Froese of the music group 'Tangerine Dream' was born.
1944 Tim Bogert of the music group 'Vanilla Fudge' was born.
1944 Author Frances Moore Lappe was born. She is the author of the best selling 'Diet for a Small Planet' (1971) which indirectly encouraged a vegetarian diet, by demonstrating that raising animals for food was an extremely wasteful use of resources. Also: 'World Hunger: 12 Myths', 'Food First', 'Taking Population Seriously'. etc.
1944 Leo Hendrik Baekeland was born. He was a chemist who invented Bakelite, the first plastic that did not soften when heated. Those black plastic knobs on stoves were made of bakelite.
1944 Synthetic quinine was made for the first time at Harvard University.
1944 Alice Waters was born. Executive Chef and Owner of Chez Panisse Restaurant, opened in 1971 in Berkeley, California.
1944 Most wartime meat rationing ended in the United States.
1944 Chiquita Banana, the song and the advertising jingle were both created for United Fruit Company.
'I'm Chiquita banana and I've come to say
Bananas have to ripen in a certain way
When they are fleck'd with brown and have a golden hue
Bananas taste the best and are best for you
You can put them in a salad
You can put them in a pie-aye
Any way you want to eat them
It's impossible to beat them
But, bananas like the climate of the very, very tropical equator
So you should never put bananas in the refrigerator.'
Music © 1945 Shawnee Press Inc.
1945 Brantford, Ontario is the first Canadian community to fluoridate its water supply.
1945 'House Party' starring Art Linkletter debuted on CBS radio.
1945 Carl and Margaret Karcher opened Carl’s Drive-In Barbeque restaurant in Anaheim, California. (The first Carl's Jr. restaurant opened in 1956).
1945 Molson's Brewery Limited shares become available to the public for the first time as Molson's becomes a public joint-stock company.
1945 A wartime midnight curfew on nightclubs, bars and other places of entertainment goes into effect in the U.S.
1945 Joël Robuchon was born in Poitiers, France. French chef and restaurateur, named "Chef of the Century" by the guide Gault Millau in 1989. He operates a dozen restaurants in major cities around the world, with a total of 28 (2019) Michelin stars, more than any chef in the world.
1945 William 'Billy Goat' Sianis, owner of the Billy Goat Tavern in Chicago, took his pet goat 'Murphy' to game 4 of the Baseball World Series (Chicago Cubs vs Detroit Tigers). Denied entry to Wrigley Field because "the goat stinks," Billy Goat Sianis supposedly places a curse on the Cubs that they will never win another World Series. It would be 71 years before the Cubs won World Series, in 2016. [Billy Goat Tavern website]
1945 Shoe rationing ended in the U.S.
1945 Peter Paul Inc. introduced the Almond Joy candy bar (it sold for ten cents).
1945 85% of U.S. bread is commercially baked.
1945 Constant Comment Tea is introduced by NY entrepreneur Ruth Bigelow.
1945 Tupperware Corp. is founded by former duPont chemist Earl W. Tupper.
1945 Welch's Junior Mints candy are introduced.
1945 Don McLean was born. American singer/songwriter, best known for his 1971 'American Pie.'
1945 Eric 'Slowhand' Clapton, singer & songwriter was born. A member of the rock groups the Yardbirds and Cream.
1945 Bob Hite and of the music group 'Canned Heat' was born.
1945 Canned Heat guitarist Harvey Mandel was born.
1945 Stu Cook of the music group 'Creedence Clearwater Revival' was born.
1945 Joan Johnson of the vocal group the 'Dixie Cups' was born.
1945 Alan Ward of the music group 'The Honeycombs' was born.
1945 Peter Lewis of the music group 'Moby Grape' was born.
1945 Vincent Martell of the music group 'Vanilla Fudge' was born.
1945 C.A.R.E. (Cooperative for American Relief Everywhere) was founded to send relieff packages to survivors of WWII in Europe.
1945 Grand Rapids, Michigan became the first U.S. city to fluridate its drinking water, to reduce tooth decay.
1945 Milton Snaveley Hershey of chocolate fame died.
1945 A malfunctioning toilet on German U-Boat U-1206 forces it to surface off the coast of Scotland. Promptly attacked by British aircraft, the Captain scuttles the boat.
1945 The Andrews Sisters recording of 'Rum and Coca Cola' hit #1 on the popular music charts.
1945 Fresh fruit maturity standards established for marketing oranges.
1945 The first Food-O-Mat was installed in a Grand Union Co. store in New Jersey.
1945 World Food Day. The founding day of the U.N. Food and Agriculture Organization
1945 'Cheerioats' cereal was renamed 'Cheerios'
1945 Boordy Vineyards opened, the first bonded winery in Maryland.
1945 James T. Ehler, Chef and food writer, was born. That's me - creator, writer, editor, publisher & webmaster of the Food Reference Website.
1945 Wartime rationing ended in the U.S.
1945 P. L. Spencer applied for a patent for a microwave oven. (issued January 24, 1950)
1945 Japan organized school children to gather more than 1 million tons of acorns to make into flour due to dwindling stocks of rice and wheat.
1945 The first U.S. commercially made ballpoint pens are sold for $12.50 each at Gimbel's Department store in New York City.