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Today in Food History, Timeline & Food Holidays: National Food Days, Weeks & Months

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Today in Food HistoryFOOD TIMELINE: >  1790 to '94




50,000 BC to 1 BC
1 AD to 1199   ·   1200 to 1399
1400 to 1499   ·   1500 to 1550
1551 to 1599   ·   1600 to 1625
1626 to 1650   ·   1651 to 1675
1676 to 1699   ·   1700 to 1719
1720 to 1739   ·   1740 to 1749
1750 to 1759   ·   1760 to 1769
1770 to 1779   ·   1780 to 1784
1785 to 1789   ·   1790 to 1794
1795 to 1799   ·   1800 to 1805
1806 to 1810   ·   1811 to 1819
1820 to 1824   ·   1825 to 1830
1831 to 1835   ·   1836 to 1840
1841 to 1845   ·   1846 to 1849
1850 to 1854   ·   1855 to 1859
1860 to 1864   ·   1865 to 1869
1870 to 1874   ·   1875 to 1879
1880 to 1884   ·   1885 to 1889
1890 to 1894   ·   1895 to 1899
1900 to 1905   ·   1906 to 1910
1911 to 1915   ·   1916 to 1920
1921 to 1925   ·   1926 to 1930
1931 to 1935   ·   1936 to 1940
1941 to 1945   ·   1946 to 1950
1951 to 1955   ·   1956 to 1960
1961 to 1965   ·   1966 to 1970
1971 to 1975   ·   1976 to 1980
1981 to 1985   ·   1986 to 1990
1991 to 1995   ·   1996 to 2000
2001 to 2005   ·   2006   ·   2007
2008   ·   2009   ·   2010
2011 to 2012   ·   2013 to 2014
2015 to 2019   ·   2020 to 2021
* * * * * * * * * * * * * * *

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MAY   |   JUNE   |   JULY   |   AUG
SEPT   |   OCT   |   NOV   |   DEC



1790 to 1794

1790 John Bachman was born. A Naturalist who wrote some of the text for John James Audubon's albums of birds and mammals of North America. He also published his own works on botany, agriculture and southern animals.

1790 Pineapples are introduced to the Sandwich Islands (Hawaii) by Spanish adventurer Francisco de Paula Marin.

1790 Benjamin Franklin died. American diplomat, publisher, inventor, etc. Among his inventions were the Franklin stove and bifocal eyeglasses. He also published 'Poor Richard's Almanac.'

1790 The first U.S. copyright law was signed by George Washington.

1790 The first U.S. patent was granted to Samuel Hopkins of Vermont. The patent was for a process for producing potash and pearlash. Potash was used in soap and fertilizer. Pearlash was also used in baking. It produced carbon dioxide gas in dough, used in the first 'quick breads.'  (Commercial baking powder was not available until 1857 [phosphate baking powder]).

1790 First U.S. census. We had a total of 3,939,214 mouths to feed.

1790 Farmer's account for about 90% of the U.S. labor force.

1790 Jacob Schweppe demonstrated his process for making artificial mineral water.

1790 Chrysanthemums were introduced to England from China. Both the greens and blossoms are edible, and are particularly popular in Japan, China and Vietnam.

1790 Marie, Vicomte de Botherel, born. He installed kitchens on buses in Paris suburbs in 1839, the first restaurant cars.

1790 Marie Harel is said to have developed Camembert cheese in Normandy.

1790 Obed Hussy was born. Invented a horse drawn reaper.

1790 A water-powered mill with machinery for spinning, roving, and carding cotton, began operating on the banks of the Blackstone River in Pawtuket, Rhode Island

1790 Rhode Island became the 13th state.

1791 Vermont became the 14th state.

1791 Peter Cooper was born. American inventor and founder of the 'Cooper Union for the Advancement of Science and Art.' He also obtained the first American patent for the manufacture of gelatin. In 1895, a cough syrup manufacturer, Pearl B. Wait purchased the patent and developed a packaged gelatin dessert. Wait's wife, May David Wait named it Jell-O.

1791 Samuel Mulliken of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania received a patent for a machine to thresh corn and grain. He also received 3 more patents on the same day, becoming the first person in the U.S. to receive more than one patent.

1791 Charles Babbage was born. He invented the adding machine, and among his other inventions is the cowcatcher, the V shaped front end on locomotives.

1792 Rufus Porter was born (died 1884).  American editor and inventor. On August 28, 1845 he put out the first issue of Scientific American, but sold the magazine after 10 months. He held over 100 patents, including a fire alarm, signal telegraph, fog whistle, and a washing machine.

1792 James Mayer de Rothschild was born (died 1868).  European banker and founder of the French branch of the Rothschild family.  In 1868 he acquired the famous Chateau Lafite vineyards in Bordeaux, France.

1792 Under a tree near 68 Wall Street in New York City,  24 stock brokers signed an agreement on commission rates. This agreement eventually led to the establishment of the New York Stock Exchange in 1817.

1792 Samuel Slocum was born. He invented a machine to make pins with solid heads and a machine for sticking the pins in a paper holder for sale.

1792 Oranges were supposedly introduced to Hawaii.

1792 John Montague, 4th Earl of Sandwich died. Captain Cook named the Sandwich Islands after him (now known as Hawaii). He is supposed to have invented the sandwich as a quick meal so as not to interrupt his gambling sessions.

1792 Charles-Somon Favart died in Belleville, France. A French playwright and pastry cook, one of the founders of the opera comique.

1792 S.L. Mitchell was named as the first Professor of Agriculture, at Columbia College, New York City.

1792 The first issue of the 'Farmer's Almanac' was published by Robert Bailey Thomas. (Now called 'Old Farmer's Almanac').

1792 President George Washington signed the Postal Service Act, establishing the U.S. Post Office as a cabinet department.

1793 Gilbert White  died (born July 18, 1720).  English naturalist known as the “father of English natural history.”  Author of 'The Natural History and Antiquities of Selborneis,'  a classic work of natural history which has been in print continuously since 1789.

1793 New York City's daily newspaper, 'The American Minerva' was established.

1793 Eli Whitney applied for a patent for his cotton gin.

1793 Marie Antoinette, Queen consort of Louis XVI of France, was guillotined (born 1755). She would sometimes wear potato blossoms as a hair decoration.  Attributed quote: "If they have no bread, let them eat cake." 

1793 The first American patent for a cast iron stove is issued to Robert Haeterick of Pennsylvania.

1793 France introduces the first metric weight, the kilogram.

1793 Dr. Jared Kirtland was born. A physician, naturalist, botanist and teacher, he is credited with developing 26 varieties of cherries and six varieties of pears.

1794 The first U.S. silver dollar coins were struck and released into circulation.

1794 Elias Fries was born (died Feb 8, 1878). Swedish botanist, considered one of the fathers of mycology, he developed the first system used to classify fungi.  His 3-volume work, 'Systema mycologicum' (1821-32) is still an important source for nomenclature of fungi.

1794 The first successful toll road opened, the Lancaster Turnpike.

1794 Edmund Ruffin born. The father of soil chemistry in the U.S.

1794 Eli Whitney of New Haven, Connecticut patented the Cotton Gin, which separates cotton from the seeds.

1794 The first stone was laid for the world’s largest grain windmill in Holland. Known as ‘De Walvisch’ (the whale), it is still in existence.

1794 Sylvester Graham was born in West Suffield, Connecticut. He advocated vegetarianism, temperance and the use of coarse ground whole wheat (graham) flour.  He also invented the Graham cracker in 1829.

1794 James Lind died. Lind was a Scottish physician who recommended that fresh citrus fruit and lemon juice be included in the seamen's diet to eliminate scurvy.  The Dutch had been doing this for almost two hundred years.

1794 The Whiskey Rebellion. Protesting the 1791 federal tax on distilled spirits a large gathering of rebels in western Pennsylvania burned the regional tax inspectors home. President Washington ordered 13,000 troops to the area, but opposition disappeared.


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Today in Food HistoryFOOD TIMELINE: >  1790 to '94


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