DECEMBER 15 - Today in Food History
• National Lemon Cupcake Day
On this day in:
1593 Dutch windmill owner, Cornelis Corneliszoon van Uitgees, received a patent in Holland for a windmill with a crankshaft. It converted the windmill's circular motion into back-and-forth motion to power a saw.
1686 Isaak Walton died. He is mainly known for ‘The Compleat Angler, or, the Contemplative Man’s Recreation,’ which is one of the most frequently published books in English literature. It is a literary discourse on the pleasures of fishing.
1854 The first practical street cleaning machine began operation in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. A series of brooms attached to a cylinder was turned by a chain driven by the turning of the cart's wheels.
1902 Pierre-Marie-Alexis Millardet died. A French botanist, he saved the vineyards of France from total destruction by the grape phylloxera, a small greenish-yellow insect which sucks the fluid from grapevines. He did so by grafting the French vines on American rootstock, which was resistant to phylloxera. He also developed the first widely used plant fungicide.
1903 Italo Marchiony received U.S. patent # 746,971 for an ice cream cup mold. Initially, he would fold warm waffles into a cup shape. He then developed the 2-piece mold that would make 10 cups at a time.
1925 The third Madison Square Garden opened. Demolished in 1968/69 and replaced by the current Madison Square Garden on the site of the original Pennsylvania Station.
1933 The 21st Amendment ending national prohibition in the U.S. became officially effective. (see also Dec 5 and April 7, 1933).
1939 DuPont began commercial production and sale of yarn for nylon hosiery (see also May 15, 1940).
1946 Carmine Appice of the music group 'Vanilla Fudge' was born.
1962 Vail Ski Resort opened with two chairlifts and one gondola. Lift tickets were $5.
1964 Canada adopted the maple leaf as the official symbol for its national flag.
1995 European Union leaders agreed to call the new, single European currency the "Euro" and confirmed it would be introduced on Jan 1, 1999.
2001 Italy's famous Leaning Tower of Pisa was reopened to the public after almost 12 years of corrective reconstruction and stabilization efforts. It was declared stable for at least another 200 years.