NOVEMBER 26 - Today in Food History
• THANKSGIVING DAY (2015). The first national Thanksgiving Day, proclaimed by President George Washington, was celebrated on Nov. 26, 1789, the LAST Thursday of the month.
In 1863, President Abraham Lincoln made Thanksgiving an Official Annual Holiday to be commemorated on the LAST Thursday in November.
In 1939 President Franklin D. Roosevelt changed Thanksgiving from the LAST Thursday in November to the THIRD Thursday (the last Thursday, usually the 4th but occasionally a 5th Thursday, was thought to be too close to Christmas holidays).
Three years later, in December 1941, a joint session of Congress changed it to the FOURTH Thursday in November (in part because not all states complied with Roosevelt's choice).
• National Cake Day
• Goodbye Cream Day (see 1968 below)
• National Family Week (Nov 22-28, 2015) The Alliance for Children and Families and its member organizations have promoted National Family Week for more than 40 years. National Family Week is an annual celebration observed during the week of Thanksgiving, designed to build community connections and honor those who strengthen families.
On this day in:
1789 President George Washington signed a proclamation on October 3, 1789 declaring Thursday the 26th day of November as the first national Thanksgiving Day under the Constitution.
1832 The 'John Mason', the first public horse-drawn streetcar, began carrying passengers in New York City. The fare was 12½¢. The coaches, with seating for 30 passengers, were mounted on iron wheels and were drawn by horses over iron rails laid down the middle of the street. Designed and built by John Stephenson. (Demonstrated to NYC officials on Nov 14, 1832)
1836 John Loudon McAdam died (born Sept 21, 1756). A Scotish engineer, he invented macadam pavement for roads.
1867 J.B. Sutherland of Detroit, Michigan received the first U.S. patent (No. 71,423) for a refrigerated railroad car. An insulated, double walled car with compartments for 800 pounds of ice at each end.
1876 Willis Haviland Carrier was born. He invented the first practical air conditioner.
1915 W. Atlee Burpee died. Founder of the world's largest mail-order seed company in 1876.
1922 Charles M. Schulz was born. American cartoonist, best known for the 'Peanuts' comic strip.
1942 ‘Casablanca’, the movie, premiers in New York City on Thanksgiving Day.
1942 President Franklin D. Roosevelt ordered nationwide gasoline rationing, beginning December 1.
1968 Rock group Cream's last concert (Albert Hall).
1991 Japan agrees to stop using drift nets in commercial fishing.
1992 Britain's Queen Elizabeth II volunteers to start paying taxes on her personal income and take her children off the public payroll.
1996 The Las Vegas Sands Hotel was 'imploded' to make way for the Venetian Resort Hotel Casino.
2002 Verne H. Winchell died. Founder of Winchell's Donuts in 1948; known as 'The Donut King.'