See also: Parsley Family; Article on Parsley
Parsley is the dried leaves of the hardy biennial herb Petroselinum crispum (family Umbelliferae). This is probably the most well-known and used herb in the United States, used extensively in garnishing foods as well as for flavoring of sauces, soups, stews and stocks. Curly leaf Parsley is best known for garnishing, while flat leaf or Italian Parsley is used in bouquets garni and other flavoring applications.
Italian parsley, Petroselinum crispum, is a plain flat leaved parsley, with darker green leaves than curly leaved parsley, and a stronger but less bitter flavor. It is best added during the last few moments of cooking for the best flavor, or sprinkled raw on salads, soups, fish, meat, etc.
Parsley is thought to have originated in Sardinia.
Parsley was used to flavor and garnish food as early as the third century B.C. The name 'parsley' comes from the Greek word petros, meaning 'stone,' because the plant was often found growing among rocks. In ancient times, wreaths were made with parsley and were worn to prevent intoxication. Parsley was brought to the New World by the colonists.
Parsley seed oil is used in shampoo, soap and men’s perfumes.
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