See also: Avocado Season in California; Avocado Varieties & Uses; Avocados, Nutrient Booster; Avocado Oil; Avocado Trivia
FOOD FOR THOUGHT - June 28, 2006 - Mark R. Vogel - [email protected] - Archive
Fruit of the Conquistador
In 1519 Spanish Conquistador Hernan Cortes, (a.k.a., Hernando Cortez), and his entourage were the first Europeans to enter Tenochtitlan, the capital of the Aztec Empire and forerunner to modern day Mexico City. Originally welcomed as a god by Montezuma, the leader of the Aztecs, Cortes eventually conquered and destroyed much of the city, thus claiming the territory for Spain. Thousands were killed in the pursuit of European imperialism. But Cortes’ conquests bore other fruit than territorial gain. Cortes is credited with introducing the avocado to Europe, a fruit he found in abundance in and around Mexico.
The avocado originated somewhere in the tropics of either Central or South America. The exact location is in dispute. Archeological evidence suggests it has been cultivated for 7,000-8,000 years. Its name comes from the Nahuatl word for testicle, supposedly because of the avocado’s shape. The Nahua were the Indians of central Mexico, of which the Aztecs were one subgroup. Due to the avocado’s genital reference, it naturally became thought of as an aphrodisiac.
Avocados are a rather unique fruit, having a rich, buttery texture. There are many varieties but the two most common are the Fuerte and the Hass. The Fuerte is larger, green colored and smooth skinned. The preferred Hass is smaller, dark green to black, and pebbly skinned. The Hass is the only variety available year round. California produces over 90% of the world’s avocados and is a leading consumer as well.
Avocados ripen best off the tree. Unless they’ve been languishing in the produce section, most of the avocados you’ll encounter in the supermarket are hard and unripe. They will need at least a few days to ripen, a process that can be accelerated by keeping them in a paper bag. When they yield to gentle pressure but are not mushy they are at the peak of ripeness. Choose avocados that are heavy for their size and unblemished.
To harvest an avocado take a large chef’s knife and cut down the center from pole to pole until you hit the pit. Slice your way around its circumference using the pit as your guide. Then simply twist the two halves to separate them. Now hold the half containing the pit in your one hand and with a swift yet carefully aimed swing of the knife, strike the pit with the blade dead center. Twist the knife and remove the pit.
Avocados contain vitamins C and E, a range of B vitamins, and numerous minerals. And while they have a notable fat content, (an eight ounce avocado has about 30 grams of fat), most of it is the healthy monosaturated fat as is found in olive oil.
Avocados are at their best when used raw or very lightly cooked. Extended cooking can reduce their flavor and/or make them bitter. Freshly cut avocados will discolor when exposed to air so either use them immediately or douse them with citrus juice to retain the color. Employ avocados in salads, soups, condiments, spreads and other preparations. I like simply taking freshly chopped and salted avocado and eating it with my steak. And of course, how could we not mention guacamole, a dish that has its roots in the Aztec’s culinary repertoire.
â€¢ 1 small onion, chopped
â€¢ 3 jalapenos or 2 serrano chiles, chopped
â€¢ Chopped cilantro to taste
â€¢ Juice of one lime
â€¢ Salt to taste
â€¢ 2 ripe Hass avocados
Guacamole is a snap. Chop the onion, peppers and cilantro, add the remaining ingredients and mash with a potato masher to break down the avocado and mix everything. Serve immediately or cover with plastic wrap and refrigerate. Make sure the plastic is actually touching the guacamole to inhibit discoloration.
Usually guacamole is served with large chunks of avocado as opposed to my procedure of thoroughly mashing it. Prepare it to suit your own taste but consider the following. When you bite into a large chunk of avocado you are tasting nothing but the avocado. What’s the point then of making guacamole? Unadulterated pieces of avocado are a little on the bland side. Mashing the avocado uniformly blends it with all of the other ingredients. Every bite is a harmonious integration of all the flavor elements. Finally, adjust the types and/or amounts of hot peppers to your preferred heat level. Although a sacrilege, substitute bell pepper for zero kick.
This recipe comes from the book “Hot & Spicy Latin Dishes” by Dave DeWitt et al., of Chile Pepper Magazine.
â€¢ 2 large ripe avocados, peeled and pitted
â€¢ 1 habanero chile, seeds and stems removed, minced
â€¢ 4 cups chicken stock
â€¢ 1 cup heavy cream
â€¢ Salt and freshly ground white pepper to taste
â€¢ 1 tablespoon cilantro, finely chopped
â€¢ 6 tortillas, quartered and fried in oil until crisp
Mash the avocados and put them through a sieve. Place them in a heated soup tureen. Heat the habanero and chicken stock with the cream in a saucepan and stir well. Pour the stock into the avocados, stirring to mix, or beat lightly with a whisk. Season to taste with salt and pepper and sprinkle with cilantro. Serve immediately with the tortillas.