(November 17 1749, June 3, 1841)
Nicolas Appert was a French cook and inventor who developed the method of preserving food that we call canning.
Napoleon had offered a prize of 12,000 francs to anyone who could come up with a method for preserving food that could be used by armies while on campaign. Appert spent 14 years working on his method, and was given the award. He originally used glass jars sealed with wax and reinforced with wire.