See Also: Monosodium Glutamate (MSG); Umami
Glutamate is an amino acid that is necessary for metabolism and brain function, and is manufactured by the body. It is found in virtually every protein food we eat. In food, there is "bound" glutamate and "free" glutamate. Glutamate serves to enhance flavors in foods when it is in its free form and not bound to other amino acids in protein.
Some foods have greater quantities of glutamate than others. Foods that are rich in glutamate include tomatoes, mushrooms, parmesan cheese, milk and mackerel.
Reprinted from the International Food Information Council Foundation
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