Johnnycakes, johnny cakes, jonnycake, ashcake, battercake, corn cake, cornpone, hoecake, hoe cake, journey cake, mush bread, pone, Shawnee cake, jonakin, and jonikin.
These are all regional names for cornmeal flatbread. The name, exact type of batter and cooking method varies from region to region. They may be cooked over the ashes of a campfire, on hot stones, on a griddle, in a cast iron pan, or in the oven.
The original New England Johnnycake was a dry flat bread made with corn meal, salt and water, and baked on hot stones. Native Americans showed the Pilgrims how to cook with corn (maize) and most likely taught them how to make johnnycakes.
The origin of the name is in dispute, possibly a corruption of Shawnee cake (from the Shawnee Indians) or 'journey cake' because it was easily prepared by travelers, or possibly based on some long forgotten Indian word by way of 'jonakin' or 'jonikin.'
Also popular in the Atlantic Midland and Southern States in the United States, 'johnnycakes' (made with other types of whole meal other than corn) are also found in the West Indies and Australia.
Modern version are frequently made with eggs, oil, and baking powder for leavening.
Please feel free to link to any pages of FoodReference.com from your website.
For permission to use any of this content please E-mail: [email protected]
All contents are copyright © 1990 - 2018 James T. Ehler and www.FoodReference.com unless otherwise noted.
All rights reserved. You may copy and use portions of this website for non-commercial, personal use only.
Any other use of these materials without prior written authorization is not very nice and violates the copyright.
Please take the time to request permission.
FOOD TRIVIA and FOOD FACTS
FoodReference.com (since 1999)
FOOD TRIVIA and FOOD FACTS SECTION