FoodReference.com Logo

Food Trivia & Food Facts Section

An eclectic collection of information about various foods and beverages,
plants and animals from around the world

Home       Food Articles       Food Trivia & Facts       Today In Food History       Recipes       Cooking Tips       Food Videos       Food Quotes       Who's Who       Food Trivia Quizzes       Crosswords       Food Poems       Cookbooks       Food Posters       Recipe Contests       Culinary Schools       Gourmet Tours       Food Festivals

You are here > Home > FOOD TRIVIA & FACTS

 

FOOD TRIVIA and FOOD FACTS

MOSQUITOES to MYRTLE       Mosquitoes       Mother Ann's B. Cake       Mother of Vinegar       Mountain Cranberry       Mountain Dew       Mountain Oysters       Mountain Soursop       Mousse & Pate       Moustaches       Moxie       Mr. Peanut       Muenster Cheese       Muffins       Muffin House       Muffuletta, Muffaletta       Mulberry       Mule       Mulligan Stew       Mung Beans       Muscovy Duck       Mush Bread       Mushrooms       Music       Muskellunge, Muskie       Mussels       Mustard       Mustard Greens       Mutton       Myrtle

 

 

 

FREE Magazines
and other Publications

An extensive selection of free magazines and other publications for qualified professionals

 

Chef with red wine glass

Button Mushrooms

See also: Article on Mushrooms; Fungus Trivia & individual mushroom names

MUSHROOM TRIVIA & FACTS

Annual U.S. mushroom production is about 825 million pounds.

U.S. Mushroom per capita usage:

 

1970

1980

1990

2000

2011

Total

1.3 lbs

2.7 lbs

3.7 lbs

4.1 lbs

3.8 lbs

Fresh

0.3 lbs

1.2 lbs

2 lbs

2.6 lbs

2.6 lbs

Processed

1 lbs

1.5 lbs

1.7 lbs

1.5 lbs

1.2 lbs

Source: USDA National Agricultural Statistics Service


Mushrooms are commercially produced in virtually every state. Pennsylvania, however, still accounts for over 55% of total U.S. production, which in 2001/2002 reached more than 850 million pounds. (National Agricultural Statistics Service)

Mushrooms: Top 5 Producing Countries   (USDA)

 

2000

210

World Total

5.71 billion lbs

13.17 billion lbs

China

1.78 billion lbs

9.2 billion lbs

United States

850 million lbs

870 million lbs

Netherlands

580 million lbs

520 million lbs

Poland

220 million lbs

390 million lbs

Spain

140 million lbs

280 million lbs


There are close to 40,000 varieties of mushrooms.

Some famous victims of mushroom poisoning:
The Great Buddha, the Roman Emperors Tiberius and Claudius, banquet guests of the Emperor Nero, Alexander I of Russia, Pope Clement II, King Charles V of France.

Mushrooms

Abe Lincoln's mother supposedly died when the family dairy cow ate poisonous mushrooms and Mrs. Lincoln drank the milk.

    • The official state mushroom of Minnesota is the morel.

    • The official state mushroom of Oregon is the Pacific Golden Chanterelle.

    • Kennett Square, Pennsylvania is the Mushroom Capital of the World and home to the Phillips Mushroom Museum. The museum was established in 1972, and chronicles 3 generations of the mushroom-farming Phillips family.

One portabella mushroom has more potassium than a banana. White and crimini mushrooms are also good sources of potassium. Potassium helps the human body maintain normal heart rhythm, fluid balance, and muscle and nerve function.

Doctors in Germany have reported that some people may show an allergic skin reaction to shiitake mushrooms. The reaction is a lash-like reddening of the skin that may be worsened by exposure to sunlight (ultraviolet light). Additional information is being gathered to study the problem further. (2004)

The largest living organism ever found is a honey mushroom, Armillaria ostoyae. It covers 3.4 square miles of land in the Blue Mountains of eastern Oregon, and it's still growing!

Near Rochester, New York, there is a house shaped like a group of mushrooms.

Mushrooms are not a true vegetable in the sense that it does not have any leaves, roots, or seeds, and really does not need any light to grow. So what exactly is a mushroom? It is a fungus, which grows in the dark and creates more mushrooms by releasing spores. Mushrooms are found all over the world and have been a very honored food in many cultures. Ancient Egyptians considered mushrooms to be food for the royals. The French adored the fungus and began harvesting them in caves during the seventeenth century. These famous fungi didn't reach popularity in the United States until the late 1800s.
CDC.gov - 5 a Day

Since mushrooms are grown from microscopic spores, Mushroom farming is a step-by-step process that involves:

    • two phases of composting
    • spawning (mushroom farmer's collecting the spores)
    • casing (a soil mixture that acts as a water reservoir that is placed on top of the mushroom spores)
    • pinning (the growth stage where the shape of the mushroom forms)
    • harvesting
    CDC.gov - 5 a Day

It's best to buy your mushrooms from a reputable grower or grocer instead of hunting them yourself, as there are many poisonous mushrooms. Incorrectly identifying them can lead to symptoms of sweating, cramps, diarrhea, confusion, convulsions, and potentially result in liver damage, or even death.
 

 

Home       About Us & Contact Us       Food History Articles       Food Timeline       Catalogs       Other Links

Please feel free to link to any pages of FoodReference.com from your website.

For permission to use any of this content please E-mail: james@foodreference.com
All contents are copyright © 1990 - 2014 James T. Ehler and www.FoodReference.com unless otherwise noted.
All rights reserved.

You may copy and use portions of this website for non-commercial, personal use only.
Any other use of these materials without prior written authorization is not very nice and violates the copyright.

Please take the time to request permission.

 

 

 

 

 

Also see: Food Articles  and Cooking Tips

 

Culinary Schools
& Cooking Classes

From Amateur & Basic Cooking Classes to Professional Chef Training - Over 1,000 schools & classes listed for all 50 States, Online & Worldwide

Food Video Section
Recipe Videos, Food Safety, Food Science, Food Festivals, Vintage Commercials, etc.