"Jack and Jill went up the hill....." the 'jill' in this nursery rhyme refers to what we now call a 'gill', a unit of liquid measure equal to half a cup.
A 'jack' was a 2 ounce measure of wine, and a 'jill' was twice the size of a 'jack'.
When Charles I of England (1600-1649) reduced the size of the 'jack' so he could collect a higher tax, the 'jill' was automatically reduced in size also -- "and 'jill' came tumbling after".
Jack and Jill went up the hill,
To fetch a pail of water.
Jack fell down and broke his crown,
And Jill came tumbling after.
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