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The Power of Phytochemicals

A phytochemical (fight-o-chemical) is a natural bioactive compound found in fruits and vegetables that works together with vitamins, minerals, and fiber to promote good benefit your health in many ways. The bioactive functions of phytochemicals — or the way they work in your body — is an ongoing area of research.

For example, some studies show that phytochemicals can:

Act as antioxidants
Stimulate detoxification enzymes
Stimulate the immune system
Positively affect hormones
Act as antibacterial or antiviral agents

Why Fruits & Vegetables are Better Than Supplements

Phytochemicals are usually related to the color of fruits and vegetables — green, yellow-orange, red, blue-purple, and white. Hundreds of phytochemicals have been discovered. You can benefit from all of them by eating 5 to 9 servings of colorful fruits and vegetables everyday.
Remember, only fruits and vegetables, not pills or supplements, can give you phytochemicals and nutrients in the healthy combinations nature intended. When you eat fruits and vegetables, nutrients are easily absorbed to provide maximum health benefits. In contrast, supplements or pills contain large doses of only one or a couple of phytochemicals. These isolated supplements have not been proven to be effective or even safe.

Eat a Variety of Fruits and Vegetables

By eating a variety of colorful fruits and vegetables — green, yellow-orange, red, blue-purple, and white — you're giving your body a wide range of nutrients that are important for good health. Each color offers something unique, like different vitamins, minerals, and disease-fighting phytochemicals, that work together to protect your health. Only fruits and vegetables, not pills or supplements, can give you these nutrients in the healthy combinations nature intended. Here are some examples:


Lutein and Zeaxanthin
Turnip, Collard, and Mustard Greens, Kale, Spinach, Lettuce, Broccoli, Green peas, Kiwi, Honeydew Melon
Broccoli, Cabbage, Brussels Sprouts, Bok Choy, Arugala, Swiss Chard, Turnips, Rutabaga, Watercress, Cauliflower, Kale

Vitamin K
Swiss Chard, Kale, Brussels Sprouts, Spinach, Turnip Greens, Watercress, Endive, Lettuce, Mustard Greens, Cabbage
Leafy greens, Broccoli



    Beta-Carotene & Vitamin A
    Carrots, Sweet potatoes, Pumpkin, Butternut Squash, Cantaloupe, Mangoes, Apricots, Peaches
    Bioflavonoids & Vitamin C
    Oranges, Grapefruit, Lemons, Tangerines, Clementines, Peaches, Papaya, Apricots, Nectarines, Pears, Pineapple, Yellow Raisins, Yellow Pepper
    Bananas, Oranges, Grapefruit, Lemons, Pineapple, Apricots


    Vitamin C
    Cranberries, Pink grapefruit, Raspberries, Strawberries, Watermelon, Red Cabbage, Red Pepper, Radishes, Tomatoes
    Raspberries, Cherries, Strawberries, Cranberries, Beets, Apples, Red Cabbage, Red Onion, Kidney Beans, Red Beans
    Anthocyanins & Vitamin C
    Blueberries, Blackberries, Purple Grapes, Black Currants, Elderberries
    Dried Plums (Prunes), Raisins, Plums, Eggplant


    Allium & Allicin
    Garlic, Onions, Leeks, Scallions, Chives

Eat 5 to 9 a Day for Better Health



  Winona County Food Stamp Use Rises   |   French Fries: Technique Helps Lower Fat   |   Global Food Scarcity   |   World Hunger Documentary: SiriusXM Interview   |   Berries Boost Brain Power   |   Carrots, New Colors & Health   |   Citrus Limonoids, Health Benefits   |   Food Waste in the U.S.   |   Garlic, Onions and Cancer Prevention   |   Genetically Modified Foods & Health   |   Global Food System Troubles   |   Good Mood Foods Studied   |   Hamburgers & Spices   |   Hunger and Politics   |   Meat, Health & the Environment   |   Olive Oil & Molecular Biology   |   Orange Juice: Tastes Like Fresh   |   Phytochemicals   |   Pizza: Cancer Fighting Food   |   Potatoes & Phytochemicals   |   Salmon Debacle   |   Sour Taste Control   |   Sunflower Seed Butter   |   Tea and Your Teeth   |   Toilet Paper: Virgin or Recycled   |   Tooth Decay and Grapes   |   Transfat Acid Containing Foods   |   Vitamin D Reduces Falls   |   Vitamin D and Alzheimer's  

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