The loquat, also called Japanese Plum or Japanese Medlar, is native to China, and has been cultivated in Japan for over 1,000 years. The yellow/orange fruit is pear shaped and about the size of a plum, with a slightly downy skin, and contains 3 to 5 large brown seeds. The juicy flesh is white to orange with a pleasantly tart flavor. They may be eaten out of hand, used in fruit salads, and may be used in almost any recipe that calls for peaches or apricots. Japan, Israel and Brazil are leading producers.