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February 17, 2003     Vol 4 #6   ISSN 1535-5659

    =>  Website News
    =>  Quotes and Trivia
    =>  Website of the Week
    =>  Food Trivia Quiz
    =>  Readers questions
    =>  Ancient & Classic Recipes
    =>  Did you know?
    =>  Who's Who in the Culinary Arts
    =>  Requested Recipes
    =>  Culinary Calendar - selected events
    =>  Subscribe/Unsubscribe information
    =>  General information and Copyright

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CHECK THE WEBSITE DAILY - New FOOD QUIZ questions each day on the website, along with a Daily Culinary Quote, Daily Trivia, Today in Food History, and other interesting culinary facts.


There are also many NEW Articles, several hundred new Food Facts and Trivia entries, and many new Quotes & Who's Who.

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"Of the many smells of Athens two seem to me the most characteristic - that of garlic, bold and deadly like acetylene gas. and that of dust, soft and warm and caressing like tweed."
Evelyn Waugh. When the Going was Good (1946)

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McDonald's uses about 7% of the potatoes grown in the United States for its French fries. They sell more than 1/3 of all the French fries sold in restaurants in the U.S. each year.

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Food Identification Posters and Fine Art Food Posters
Thousands of quality posters at great prices

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Brought to you by NASA. Discover the cosmos! Each day a different image or photograph of our fascinating universe is featured, along with a brief explanation written by a professional astronomer. These are incredible pictures!

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The Food Trivia Quizzes are now moved to their own separate section after the newsletter is e-mailed. Check the Navigation Bar at the top of the page.

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Sea Watch International is the world's largest harvester and processor of clam products. With over 30 years in business, multiple plant locations, and a broad line of specialty products that include clam strips, crab cakes, prepared calamari, clam and specialty chowders, canned, fresh and frozen clams, tempura shrimp etc., with both branded and private label products.

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QUESTION: I did a search on "Vicia faba" on your site and found nothing. Any idea what kind of beans it is? Steve

ANSWER: Hi Steve, Vicia faba is the Latin name for Fava bean, also called Faba bean, Broad bean, Windsor bean, Horse bean and English Bean.

You will find more info on the website Facts and Triva for Fava Bean

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Garum is a condiment or sauce widely used by the ancient Greeks and Romans. Take some small fish, the intestines of some larger fish, maybe some oysters, salt them, maybe add some vinegar, pepper and/or other spices. Then set this in the sun for several days. At this point it is called liquimen. As this appetizing mass of stuff would ferment and putrefy it oozed a liquid. This liquid is garum. Used as a seasoning in cooking and also as a table condiment.  There are several modern versions of this: Pissalat from Nice and nuoc-mam in Vietnam are two of them.

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Enjoy the best possible premium natural meats, only available through FarmMarkets. Premium American lamb; dry-aged natural beef; natural pork; all are pasture raised in Ohio and Northern Appalachia by selected family farms. No antibiotics, no hormones!  Also, organic cheeses, Amish jams, and other select gourmet products.

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(Boston Cooking-School Cook Book, 1896)

1 quart clams.
4 cups milk.
1 slice onion.
1/3 cup butter.
1/3 cup flour.
1 1/2 teaspoons salt.
1/8 teaspoon pepper.
Few gratings nutmeg.
Whites 2 eggs.

Clean and pick over clams, using three-fourths cup cold water; reserve liquor.
Put aside soft part of clams; finely chop hard part, add to liquor, bring gradually to boiling point, strain, then thicken with butter and flour cooked together.
Scald milk with onion, remove onion, add milk and soft part of clams to stock; cook two minutes.
Add seasonings, and pour over whites of eggs beaten stiff.

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".....all the charming and beautiful things, from the Song of Songs, to bouillabaisse, and from the nine Beethoven symphonies to the Martini cocktail, have been given to humanity by men who, when the hour came, turned from tap water to something with color in it, and more in it than mere oxygen and hydrogen."
H.L. Mencken (1880-1956)

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The official state crop of Georgia is the peanut. Georgia produces almost 1/2 of the total U.S. peanut crop. More than 50% of the crop goes to peanut butter production (2002).

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The Food Reference DATES IN CULINARY HISTORY CD contains over 2,000 food dates and events listings. Use year after year, an excellent reference for students, teachers, writers and chefs.

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The Great Chicago Fire of 1871 that destroyed much of the city, has long been blamed on Mrs. Kate O'Leary's cow kicking over a lamp. In 1997 the Chicago City Council, after looking in to the matter,  passed a resolution exonerating Mrs. O'Leary and her cow. The real culprit may never be known, but at least we now know Kate and her cow are innocent.

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Aunt Jemima (Nancy Green)
Chris L. Rutt and Charles G. Underwood purchased the Pearl Milling Company in 1889, and came up with the novel idea of creating a ready-mixed pancake flour. Rutt named it for a catchy tune called 'Aunt Jemima' which he had recently heard in a vaudeville show. Rutt and Underwood went broke in 1890, and sold the formula for Aunt Jemima Pancake Mix to the R.T. Davis Milling Company. Davis looked for a woman to represent the product, and hired an African American woman named NANCY GREEN from Chicago, Illinois.
At the 1893 Columbian Exposition in Chicago, Davis made an all-out effort to promote the new pancake mix, and built the world's largest flour barrel. 'Aunt Jemima' (Nancy Green) demonstrated how to use the new mix, and the exhibit was so popular, police had to control the crowds at the Aunt Jemima booth.  Nancy Green was awarded a medal and proclaimed 'Pancake Queen' by the Fair officials. Soon signed to a lifetime contract by Davis, Green was a hit all across the country, as she toured demonstrating the new Aunt Jemima Pancake Mix, and by 1910 it was available nationally.  She played the part of Aunt Jemima until her death on September 24, 1923 (she died in a car accident).
Aunt Jemima Mills were purchased in 1925 by the Quaker Oats Company of Chicago.

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Hi James,  I am looking for a recipe,for a pecan pie that has raisins in it, and > I'm not sure but may have cream cheese in it also.. A few years ago,while visiting a friend, it was being served as dessert at a nursing home in Clinton,S.C., have you ever heard of it? Thx....Connie
This one has raisins and buttermilk, but no cream cheese.

Buttermilk-Pecan Pie with Raisins
Serves 8

1 9-inch baked pie shell
6 tablespoons unsalted butter, cut into 1-inch pieces
1 1/3 cups granulated sugar
1/2 teaspoon salt
3 large eggs
2/3 cup buttermilk
1/2 cup pecans (2 ounces), toasted and chopped into small pieces
1/2 cup raisins, chopped fine

1. Adjust oven rack to center position, and heat oven to 275 degrees. Place pie shell in oven if not already warm.
2. Melt butter in medium heatproof bowl set in skillet of water maintained at just below simmer. Remove bowl from skillet; mix in sugar and salt with wooden spoon until butter is absorbed. Beat in eggs, then buttermilk. Return bowl to hot water; stir until mixture is shiny and warm to the touch, about 130 degrees. Remove from heat; stir in pecans and raisins.
3. Pour mixture into warm shell; bake until center feels set yet soft, like gelatin, when gently pressed, 50 to 60 minutes. Transfer pie to rack; let cool completely, at least 4 hours. Serve pie at room temperature or warm, with lightly sweetened whipped cream or vanilla ice cream.

 Email your recipe requests, food info or history
 questions to me at

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Take the heart, lungs, liver and kidneys of a sheep, chop them up, add suet, onions, oatmeal, cayenne pepper and other seasonings, stuff all of that into the stomach of a sheep and boil it for 2 hours. This large spherical sausage is the national dish of Scotland, usually served with bashed neeps (mashed turnips) and Scotch whisky.

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"The hardness of the butter is proportional to the softness of the bread."
Steven Wright

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 CULINARY CALENDAR - Selected Events
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FEB 18
National Crab Stuffed Flounder Day

FEB 19
1913 Cracker Jack began to put prizes in each box.

FEB 20
1829 Yuengling Brewery in Pennsylvania opened. It is the oldest brewery still operating in the U.S.

FEB 21
1741 Jethro Tull died. He was an English agriculturalist and inventor whose ideas were instrumental in the development of modern English agriculture.

FEB 22
1630 Supposedly, Quadequina, an American Indian, introduced English colonists to popcorn. He had brought some to their first Thanksgiving dinner. (Some sources say 1631).

FEB 23
1850 Cesar Ritz was born in Niederwald, Switzerland. He managed the Grand Hotel in Monte Carlo and the Grand Hotel in Lucerne, Switzerland. He also worked with Escoffier at the Savoy and Carlton in London. In 1898 he opened the first hotel with his name, The Ritz Hotel in Paris. His name and his hotels became synonymous with the luxury.

FEB 24
1938 DuPont begins production of nylon toothbrush bristles. A patent had been granted in 1937. The nylon bristles replaced hog bristles. No more brushing your teeth with hog hair!

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Harvard beets are cooked beets in a sweet and sour sauce of vinegar and sugar (with spices) and sometimes with butter and/or orange juice.  Supposedly created by a Harvard student (or a Yale student), there is also a story that they originated in a tavern in England named 'Harwood' and the 'Harvard' is a mispronunciation of the name.

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"Britain is the only country in the world where the food is more dangerous than the sex."
Jackie Mason

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 Food Reference Newsletter  ISSN 1535-5659
 James T. Ehler (Publisher & Editor)
 3920 S. Roosevelt Blvd
 Suite 209 South
 Key West, Florida 33040
 E-mail:   Phone: (305) 296-2614
 Food Reference WebSite:
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© Copyright 2003 James T. Ehler. All rights reserved. You may copy and use portions of this newsletter for noncommercial, personal use only. you may forward a copy to someone else as long as the Copyright notice is included. Any other use of the materials in this newsletter without prior written permission is prohibited.


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