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THE FOOD REFERENCE NEWSLETTER
APRIL 4, 2003     Vol 4 #11   ISSN 1535-5659
 
   IN THIS ISSUE

    =>  Website News
    =>  Quotes and Trivia
    =>  Website of the Week
    =>  Food Trivia Quiz
    =>  Readers questions
    =>  Ancient & Classic Recipes
    =>  Did you know?
    =>  Who's Who in the Culinary Arts
    =>  Requested Recipes
    =>  Culinary Calendar - selected events
    =>  Subscribe/Unsubscribe information
    =>  General information and Copyright

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 WEBSITE NEWS     http://www.foodreference.com
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DON'T FORGET TO VISIT THE 3 NEW FOOD REFERENCE WEBSITES
Seafood Fish Website
300 Seafood Recipes from classic cookbooks.
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Culinary Events Website
The Complete 'Events in Food History Calendar'
http://www.CulinaryEvents.com

Culinary Posters Website (Still expanding!)
Thousands of Posters in themed collections, at LOW prices!
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 QUOTE
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"If wine disappeared from human production, I believe there would be, in the health and intellect of the planet, a void, a deficiency far more terrible than all the excesses and deviations for which wine is made responsible. Is it not reasonable to suggest that people that never drink wine, whether naive or doctrinaire, are fools or hypocrites....?"
Charles Baudelaire (1821-1867), French poet


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 TRIVIA
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The Chinese consume 40% of the world's supply of chestnuts, and their use in China dates back to the earliest times of recorded history. They use them roasted in hot sand, in simmered dishes and in soup.


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 THIS WEEK'S WEBSITE OF THE WEEK:
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VEGAN ACTION - A nonprofit organization that educates the public about the many benefits of the vegan diet and lifestyle.
http://www.vegan.org/


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 FOOD TRIVIA QUIZ
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The Food Trivia Quizzes are now moved to their own separate section after the newsletter is e-mailed. Check the Navigation Bar at the top of the page.
  

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 ADVERTISEMENT
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COCINA de VEGA - MESQUITE MEAL
This traditional Native American food is produced by gathering ripened seed pods from the mesquite tree and grinding them into a high protein flour/seasoning.
For more information and RECIPES visit the website:
http://www.cocinadevega.com


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READERS QUESTIONS
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QUESTION: Call me crazy James but years ago I was at a farmer's house somewhere in Ohio and he was showing me his barn. Inside on a large table I was a lot of corn which was mixed with chicken manure. I ask the farmer what he was doing with the corn and he told me he was making Hominy. He explained that by mixing the corn with the chicken manure during the fertilization period it caused the corn to become Hominy. I actually saw some of the corn swelling up and looked like Hominy. Was the farmer pulling my leg or what.   David

ANSWER: Hominy is made from corn kernels (usually white) that has been treated with an alkaline solution - usually slaked lime (calcium hydroxide) or (traditionally) some form of lye such as wood ash leachings. This dissolves the bran, puffs and softens the corn so the hulls may be easily removed by hand and flushed away with running water.  Modern technique is to boil the corn in dilute sodium hydroxide, and then remove the hulls by the action of rotating cylinders and running water.
   Chicken manure is very acidic - the opposite of alkaline.  He was either pulling your leg, or he has very alkaline soil and was somehow trying to add acidity/nitrogen to the soil by treating the corn before planting it.


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 TRIVIA
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Ham and eggs is considered a typically American breakfast. Well, some sources reveal that this was also a favorite of Egyptians in 1500 B.C.


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FOOD REFERENCE WEBSITE RECOMMENDED PRODUCTS
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 ANCIENT & CLASSIC RECIPES
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SEA CATCHUP
MISS LESLIE'S DIRECTIONS FOR COOKERY, By Eliza Leslie
(1851 edition, Philadelphia; First published in 1837)

  Take a gallon of stale strong beer, a pound of anchovies washed from the pickle, a pound of peeled shalots or small onions, half an ounce of mace, half an ounce of cloves, a quarter of an ounce of whole pepper, three or four large pieces of ginger, and two quarts of large mushroom-flaps rubbed to pieces.
  Put the whole into a kettle closely covered, and let it simmer slowly till reduced to one half.
  Then strain it through a flannel bag, and let it stand till quite cold before you bottle it. Have small bottles and fill them quite full of the catchup. Dip the corks in melted rosin,
  This catchup keeps well at sea, and may be carried into any part of the world. A spoonful of it mixed in melted batter will make a fine fish sauce. It may also be used to flavour gravy.


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 QUOTE
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"Marry, sir, 'tis an ill cook that cannt lick his own fingers. Therefore he that cannot lick his fingers goes not with me."
William Shakespeare (1564-1616) 'Romeo and Juliet'


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 TRIVIA
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Tea bags were invented in 1904 by Thomas Sullivan of New York City. He first used them to send samples to his customers instead of sending them in more expensive tins.


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 SOFTWARE FROM THE FOOD REFERENCE WEBSITE
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Events in Food History CD
300 Seafood Recipes CD
http://www.foodreference.com/html/cdfoodrcalendar.html


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 DID YOU KNOW?
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Cornflower, or bachelor's button, is a blue flower that at one time was pulverized to make a blue food coloring for use in pastry making and water color paints.. Seldom used any more. The flowers may also be used in salads.


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 WHO'S WHO IN THE CULINARY ARTS
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Gail Borden (November 9, 1801 - January 11, 1874)
Gail Borden was a surveyor, inventor and businessman. As an early pioneer settler in Texas he made the first topographical map of Texas, and in 1838 he surveyed and laid out the site of Galveston. He developed a meat biscut in 1851, and after several failed attempts, finally developed a method to make condensed milk in 1853. He had to work hard to convince the U.S. Patent Office to grant him a patent, but he finally obtained one in 1856. his first attempts to market condensed milk ended in business failure, but finally with financial backing from a wholesale grocer, Jeremiah Milbank, he founded the New York Condensed Milk Company, later renamed Borden Inc., which grew into the largest dairy in the U.S.


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 RECIPES REQUESTS FROM READERS
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Do your have a good recipe for Corn Pudding ?  I have to make some for this Thursday dinner (as requested by my host).

CORN PUDDING
2 cups fresh (or 1 package frozen corn)
3 eggs
1/4 cup flour
1 teaspoon salt
1/2 teaspoon white pepper
2 tablespoons butter, melted
2 cups light cream

Cut corn from the cob (or thaw the frozen corn). Beat eggs vigorously, then stir in corn and a mixture of flour, salt, and white pepper. Add butter and cream. Pour into a buttered 1 1/2 quart baking dish or casserole, place in a pan of hot water, and bake in a preheated 325 degree oven for 1 hour or until a knife  tested in center comes out dry.  Serves 6 to 8

 Email your recipe requests, food info or history
 questions to me at [email protected]
  
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 TRIVIA  
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The ancient Greeks believed that lettuce induced sleep, so they served it at the end of the meal. The Romans continued the custom. However, the dictatorial Emperor Domitian (81-96 AD) served it at the beginning of his feasts, so he could torture his guests by forcing them to stay awake in the presence of the Emperor.


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 QUOTE
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"From morning till night, sounds drift from the kitchen, most of them familiar and comforting....On days when warmth is the most important need of the human heart, the kitchen is the place you can find it; it dries the wet sock, it cools the hot little brain."
E.B.White (1899-1985)


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 CULINARY CALENDAR - Selected Events
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FRIDAY, APRIL 4
1998 A locust plague in Ethiopia was reported that covered almost 4,000 acres.

SATURDAY, APRIL 5
1981 Bob Hite died. Singer with Canned Heat.

SUNDAY, APRIL 6
1828 Casparus van Wooden of Amsterdam, patented chocolate milk powder.

MONDAY, APRIL 7
1948 The World Health Organization (WHO) was established.

TUESDAY, APRIL 8
1879 The Echo Farms Dairy of New York began selling milk in glass bottles, the first in the U.S.

WEDNESDAY, APRIL 9
1626 Sir Francis Bacon died. An English statesman, philosopher and author of 'Novum Organum', a work on scientific inquiry. Some also claim he wrote the plays attributed to Shakespeare. He died after having stuffing a dressed chicken with snow to see how long the flesh could be preserved by the extreme cold. He caught cold and died from complications about a month later.

THURSDAY, APRIL 10
1991 The last remaining Horn & Hardart Automat closed its doors. It was located at Third Avenue and 42nd Street in New York City. Frank Hardart and Joe Horn opened the first Automat on June 9, 1902 at 818 Chestnut Street in Philadelphia. The birth date of modern fast food.


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 TRIVIA
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More fresh mangos are eaten every day than any other fruit in the world.


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 QUOTE
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"One of the very nicest things about life is the way we must regularly stop whatever it is we are doing and devote our attention to eating."
Luciano Pavarotti, 'My Own Story'


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Please rate this Ezine at the Cumuli Ezine Finder.
http://www.cumuli.com/ezines/ra20520.rate
<a href="http://www.cumuli.com/ezines/ra20520.rate">
AOL Users Click Here</a>


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 LIST MAINTENANCE
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 [email protected]
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 Food Reference Newsletter  ISSN 1535-5659
 James T. Ehler (Publisher & Editor)
 3920 S. Roosevelt Blvd
 Suite 209 South
 Key West, Florida 33040
 E-mail: [email protected]   Phone: (305) 296-2614
 Food Reference WebSite: http://www.foodreference.com
============================================= ==============
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