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------------------THE FOOD REFERENCE NEWSLETTER-----------------
December 30, 2004     Vol 5 #43   ISSN 1535-5659
-------------------------IN THIS ISSUE--------------------------

   ->  Website News
   ->  'Food for Thought' by Mark Vogel
   ->  Quotes and Trivia
   ->  Website of the Week
   ->  Food Trivia Quiz
   ->  On Mangoes and Green Peppers
   ->  Ancient & Classic Recipes
   ->  Did you know?
   ->  Who's Who in the Culinary Arts
   ->  Requested Recipes
   ->  Kitchen Tips
   ->  Culinary Calendar - selected events
   ->  General information and Copyright

--------------------------WEBSITE NEWS--------------------------

This is the final issue for 2004 - The first issue for 2005 will mark 5 YEARS that the newsletter has been published.  It really does not seem that long. I thank all of you for your support through the years, and wish all of you a Happy and Fruitful New Year!

------------------WEEKLY FREE COOKBOOK DRAWING------------------
Congratulations to the winner of last week's Free Cookbook Drawing, Barbara Batot - she wins a copy of 'The Essential EatingWell Cookbook' Edited by Patsy Jamieson

THIS WEEK'S DRAWING will be for "The Book Club Cookbook: Recipes and Food for Thought from Your Book Club's Favorite Books and Authors" by Judy Gelman, Vicki Levy Krupp


----------------'FOOD FOR THOUGHT' BY MARK VOGEL----------------
In the James Bond movie “Goldeneye”, 007 and the villainess are playfully racing down a scenic mountain roadway. Bond’s passenger is a young female coworker sent by M to evaluate him. Having no stomach for his perilous antics she............

"The qualities of an exceptional cook are akin to those of a successful tightrope walker: an abiding passion for the task, courage to go out on a limb and an impeccable sense of balance."
Bryan Miller, N.Y. Times 10/23/83

-------------------FOOD, WINE, TRAVEL, ETC----------------------

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Americans eat about 19.6 pounds of fresh apples annually, compared to about 46 pounds consumed annually by residents of European Countries.

---------------THIS WEEK'S WEBSITES OF THE WEEK-----------------
Please Help victims of the Tsunami disaster in Southeast Asia
Doctors Without Borders
American Red Cross

--------------------------MESQUITE MEAL-------------------------

This traditional Native American food is produced by gathering ripened seed pods from the mesquite tree and grinding them into a high protein flour. Desert dwellers have used mesquite pods as a staple food for centuries and bartered with them to neighboring tribes. Mesquite meal is great for flavoring steaks, chicken, pork and fish. It can be added to vegetable stir-fries, scrambled eggs, biscuits, breads, soups, even ice cream. The list is endless.

------------------------FOOD TRIVIA QUIZ------------------------
The Food Trivia Quizzes are now moved to their own separate section after the newsletter is e-mailed. Check the Navigation Bar at the top of the page.

---------------CULINARY SCHOOLS, TOURS AND CRUISES--------------

Culinary Schools & Cooking Classes - Food and Wine Tours for the amateur & the professional. U.S. and abroad.
The best of the best.

"The so-called nouvelle cuisine usually means not enough on your plate and too much on your bill."
Paul Bocuse (1926-?)

-------------------FOOD ART & CULINARY POSTERS------------------

Art & Posters for your home, office, restaurant, dorm room, kitchen, etc. The best selection - including movie, music, sports, food and culinary art. Famous masters, current unknowns. All the best quality, framed or unframed, low prices.

------------------------READERS QUESTIONS-----------------------

     The word ‘mango’ is used in some areas to refer to green peppers or stuffed green peppers. Pennsylvania, West Virginia, Ohio, Indiana, Illinois and Missouri are all states that I have received e-mails about grandparents, parents and even current usage of ‘mango’ for green pepper.
     Recent information I have come across (thanks in part to an e-mail from website visitor Richard Clark) I believe explains how and why the usage of the word spread along the path it did. Usage of 'mango' for green peppers seems to have originated with coal miners in eastern Pennsylvania (1870s +) - and spread with the mining industries, and then with the miners families as they migrated to new areas and found new jobs.
     But why the word 'mango' for green peppers? Many of these coal miners were of Eastern European origin, and it has been suggested that the word may have a Slovak origin.
     The English 'dialect' of the Appalachian region with its unique pronunciation, grammar, and word usage is due in large part to the immigration of miners, engineers and others from so many countries coming together in one area and being relatively isolated in the small mining towns.
     They came from Russia, Poland, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Germany, Scotland, Wales, Greece, Turkey, and Syria to name a few - so the word 'mango' might have been adapted from one of these languages.
   Also, in many old cookbooks, 'mango' would sometimes be used to refer to a pickle, especially of melons or cucumber (resembling pickled green mango?)
     'Mango' was also a term sometimes used to refer to  cantaloupe in many old cookbooks).
     So now the question is, are there words in any Eastern European languages for melon and/or green peppers that may sound like ‘mango’?


According to the Guinness Book of World Records, the largest ever grown weighed 10 lbs 14 oz and was grown by V. Throup of Silsden, England.

--------------------------FRESH FLOWERS-------------------------

Fresh Flowers Directly from the Growers

--------------------ANCIENT & CLASSIC RECIPES-------------------

'The Original White House Cook Book' (1887)

“Select firm, sound, green peppers, and add a few red ones,as they are ornamental and look well upon the table. With a sharp knife remove the top, take out the seed, soak over night in salt water, then fill with chopped cabbage and green tomatoes, seasoned with salt, mustard seed and ground cloves.  Sew on the top. Boil vinegar sufficient to cover them, with a cup of brown sugar, and pour over the mangoes.  Do this three mornings, then seal.”

The Boston Cooking-School Cook Book by Fannie Merritt Farmer (Boston, 1896)

1 can Tomatoes
6 Cloves
1/4 cup Sugar
3 slices Onion

1 teaspoon Salt
A few grains Cayenne Pepper
1/4 cup Butter
1/3 cup Corn Starch
1 Egg

Cook first four ingredients twenty minutes, rub all through a sieve except seeds, and season with salt and pepper.
Melt Butter, and when bubbling, add Corn Starch and Tomato gradually; cook 2 minutes, then add Egg slightly beaten.
Pour into a buttered shallow tin and cool.
Turn on a board, cut into squares, diamonds, or strips.
Roll in Crumbs, eggs, and crumbs again, fry in deep fat, drain.


"The waste of many good materials, the vexation that frequently attends such mismanagements, and the curses not unfrequently bestowed on cooks with the usual reflection, that whereas God sends good meat, the devil sends cooks."
E. Smith, 'The Compleat Housewife'

-----------------CATALOGS - CATALOGS - CATALOGS-----------------

Order the world’s best and most unique Catalogs!
Plus save money with exclusive Savings Certificates from every
catalog. Voted the #1 source for catalog shopping!

--------------------------DID YOU KNOW?-------------------------

Lactose intolerance is the inability to digest lactose. People who are lactose intolerant lack the enzyme to properly digest lactose, which causes stomach discomfort. Lactose intolerance varies considerably among various ethnic and racial groups.
U.S. population affected by Lactose Intolerance:
Overall population: 25%
Asian - 90%
African-American - 80%
Hispanic - 70%
Caucasian - 15%

-----------------WHO'S WHO IN THE CULINARY ARTS-----------------

Crocker, Betty
In 1921 advertising manager Sam Gale of General Mills created fictional spokeswoman Betty Crocker so that correspondence to housewives could go out with her signature.

-------------------TAKE CONTROL OF YOUR HEALTH------------------

If you are SERIOUS about your Health and Longevity you owe it to yourself to know what to look for in a supplement or, anti-aging program. Also, it's critical you know what your body needs in order to achieve your health and longevity objectives. Allocate 10 minutes now and become educated and enlightened by taking this 10 minute tour by clicking this link


"The wine had such ill effects on Noah's health that it was all he could do to live 950 years. Just nineteen years short of Methuselah. Show me a total abstainer that ever lived that long."
Will Rogers (1879-1935)

------------------RECIPE REQUESTS FROM READERS------------------
Chocolate Decadence

Flourless Chocolate Cake

3 lbs. corned beef
3 potatoes
2 Tbsp. butter
1 green or red pepper
1 large onion
1 whole egg
1 egg yolk
1 tsp. Worcestershire sauce
4 Tbsp. butter

Place corned beef in kettle, add water to cover, and bring to boil, then lower to a simmer and allow to cook for 3 hours.
Remove from kettle and let cool.
Trim off excess fat and cut into small cubes.
Boil potatoes in salted water until tender, but still firm.
Drain, then cool.
Chop pepper and onion into a fine dice, then sauté in butter until wilted.
Put corned beef, potatoes, pepper and onion in a bowl, then add whole egg, egg yolk and Worcestershire sauce.
Blend well, form into a compact loaf, cover with plastic wrap and refrigerate, preferably overnight. Or form into individual patties.
Heat butter in skillet and add meat mixture, turning to cook thoroughly.
When meat is nicely browned, place under a broiler for a few minutes to make the top crisp.

 Email your recipe requests, food info or history
 questions to me at [email protected]

--------------------FOOD ART AND FOOD POSTERS-------------------

The finest selection of food and beverage related posters and art work to be found anywhere. There are thousands of posters - food art, restaurant art, kitchen art, culinary art - food posters, culinary posters, food identification posters, fine art, etc, all suitable for your home, kitchen, restaurant or office.

--------------------------KITCHEN TIPS--------------------------

The easiest and best way to pick the freshest grapes in your local market is to hold a bunch by the stem. Shake gently - if grapes drop  off the stem, they have been in storage for too long. If the grapes are firmly attached, are plump and bright, they are fresh.

Store grapes in the coldest part of the refrigerator in a plastic bag. Wash them well before serving, but NOT before putting them in the refrigerator.


1929 Guy Lombardo and his Royal Canadians played 'Auld Lang Syne' as their New Years Eve song for the first time.

1935 The first Orange Bowl was played on this day in 1935. Bucknell University wins over the University of Miami, 26-0.

1990 Campbell's Soup introduces Cream of Broccoli soup. It becomes their most successful new soup in 55 years.

1795 Josiah Wedgwood died. English inventor, artist and world renowned pottery designer and manufacturer. His daughter, Susannah, was the mother of Charles Darwin.

2002 An Italian shepherd, the world's oldest man died at the age of 112. Quote: " your brother and drink a good glass of red wine every day."

1889 According to the Oxford English Dictionary, the word 'hamburger' first appeared in print on this day in a Walla Walla, Washington newspaper.

1929 Sheffeld Farms of New York began using wax paper cartons instead of glass bottles for milk delivery.

For a complete listing of each day's events, go here:

---------------FREE TRIAL ISSUE OF SAVEUR MAGAZINE--------------
Food Reference subscribers can get a FREE trial issue to Saveur magazine - the award winning magazine that celebrates the people, places and rituals that establish culinary traditions.


When the fruit of the South American Sandbox tree is ripe, it explodes. The explosion, that is so loud it could be mistaken for gunfire, has such force that it scatters the seeds as far as 50 feet from the tree's trunk!


"There are only ten minutes in the life of a pear when it is perfect to eat."
Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803-1882)

You can vote once each day. Your votes are appreciated.

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Food Reference Newsletter  ISSN 1535-5659
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